- No result found
- Afghanistan ( +0 )
- Albania ( +355 )
- Algeria ( +213 )
- American Samoa ( +0 )
- Andorra ( +376 )
- Angola ( +244 )
- Anguilla ( +1264 )
- Antarctica ( +0 )
- Antigua and Barbuda ( +1268 )
- Argentina ( +54 )
- Armenia ( +374 )
- Aruba ( +297 )
- Australia ( +61 )
- Austria ( +43 )
- Azerbaijan ( +994 )
- Bahamas ( +1242 )
- Bahrain ( +973 )
- Bangladesh ( +880 )
- Barbados ( +1246 )
- Belarus ( +375 )
- Belgium ( +32 )
- Belize ( +501 )
- Benin ( +229 )
- Bermuda ( +1441 )
- Bhutan ( +975 )
- Bolivia ( +591 )
- Bosnia and Herzegovina ( +387 )
- Botswana ( +267 )
- Bouvet Island ( +0 )
- Brazil ( +55 )
- British Indian Ocean Territory ( +0 )
- British Virgin Islands ( +0 )
- Brunei ( +673 )
- Bulgaria ( +359 )
- Burkina Faso ( +226 )
- Burundi ( +0 )
- Cambodia ( +855 )
- Cameroon ( +237 )
- Canada ( +1 )
- Cape Verde ( +238 )
- Cayman Islands ( +1345 )
- Central African Republic ( +0 )
- Chad ( +235 )
- Chile ( +56 )
- China ( +86 )
- Christmas Island ( +0 )
- Cocos Islands ( +0 )
- Colombia ( +57 )
- Comoros ( +0 )
- Cook Islands ( +682 )
- Costa Rica ( +506 )
- Croatia ( +385 )
- Cuba ( +53 )
- Cyprus ( +357 )
- Czech Republic ( +420 )
- Democratic Republic of the Congo ( +0 )
- Denmark ( +45 )
- Djibouti ( +253 )
- Dominica ( +0 )
- Dominican Republic ( +1 )
- East Timor ( +0 )
- Ecuador ( +593 )
- Egypt ( +20 )
- El Salvador ( +503 )
- Equatorial Guinea ( +240 )
- Eritrea ( +291 )
- Estonia ( +372 )
- Ethiopia ( +251 )
- Falkland Islands ( +0 )
- Faroe Islands ( +0 )
- Fiji ( +679 )
- Finland ( +358 )
- France ( +33 )
- French Guiana ( +689 )
- French Polynesia ( +689 )
- French Southern Territories ( +0 )
- Gabon ( +241 )
- Gambia ( +220 )
- Georgia ( +995 )
- Germany ( +49 )
- Ghana ( +233 )
- Gibraltar ( +350 )
- Greece ( +30 )
- Greenland ( +299 )
- Grenada ( +1 )
- Guadeloupe ( +0 )
- Guam ( +1 )
- Guatemala ( +502 )
- Guinea ( +0 )
- Guinea-Bissau ( +0 )
- Guyana ( +0 )
- Haiti ( +0 )
- Heard Island and McDonald Islands ( +0 )
- Honduras ( +504 )
- Hong Kong ( +852 )
- Hungary ( +36 )
- Iceland ( +354 )
- India ( +91 )
- Indonesia ( +62 )
- Iran ( +98 )
- Iraq ( +964 )
- Ireland ( +353 )
- Israel ( +972 )
- Italy ( +39 )
- Ivory Coast ( +0 )
- Jamaica ( +1 )
- Japan ( +81 )
- Jordan ( +962 )
- Kazakhstan ( +7 )
- Kenya ( +254 )
- Kiribati ( +0 )
- Kuwait ( +965 )
- Kyrgyzstan ( +0 )
- Laos ( +856 )
- Latvia ( +371 )
- Lebanon ( +961 )
- Lesotho ( +0 )
- Liberia ( +0 )
- Libya ( +218 )
- Liechtenstein ( +423 )
- Lithuania ( +370 )
- Luxembourg ( +352 )
- Macao ( +853 )
- Macedonia ( +389 )
- Madagascar ( +261 )
- Malawi ( +265 )
- Malaysia ( +60 )
- Maldives ( +960 )
- Mali ( +223 )
- Malta ( +356 )
- Marshall Islands ( +0 )
- Martinique ( +222 )
- Mauritania ( +0 )
- Mauritius ( +230 )
- Mayotte ( +0 )
- Mexico ( +52 )
- Micronesia ( +691 )
- Moldova ( +373 )
- Monaco ( +377 )
- Mongolia ( +976 )
- Montserrat ( +0 )
- Morocco ( +212 )
- Mozambique ( +258 )
- Myanmar ( +0 )
- Namibia ( +264 )
- Nauru ( +0 )
- Nepal ( +977 )
- Netherlands ( +31 )
- Netherlands Antilles ( +599 )
- New Caledonia ( +687 )
- New Zealand ( +64 )
- Nicaragua ( +505 )
- Niger ( +0 )
- Nigeria ( +234 )
- Niue ( +0 )
- Norfolk Island ( +672 )
- North Korea ( +850 )
- Northern Mariana Islands ( +1 )
- Norway ( +47 )
- Oman ( +968 )
- Pakistan ( +92 )
- Palau ( +680 )
- Palestinian Territory ( +0 )
- Panama ( +507 )
- Papua New Guinea ( +224 )
- Paraguay ( +595 )
- Peru ( +51 )
- Philippines ( +63 )
- Pitcairn ( +0 )
- Poland ( +48 )
- Portugal ( +351 )
- Puerto Rico ( +1 )
- Qatar ( +974 )
- Republic of the Congo ( +0 )
- Reunion ( +0 )
- Romania ( +40 )
- Russia ( +7 )
- Rwanda ( +250 )
- Saint Helena ( +0 )
- Saint Kitts and Nevis ( +0 )
- Saint Lucia ( +0 )
- Saint Pierre and Miquelon ( +0 )
- Saint Vincent and the Grenadines ( +0 )
- Samoa ( +0 )
- San Marino ( +378 )
- Sao Tome and Principe ( +0 )
- Saudi Arabia ( +966 )
- Senegal ( +221 )
- Serbia and Montenegro ( +0 )
- Seychelles ( +248 )
- Sierra Leone ( +0 )
- Singapore ( +65 )
- Slovakia ( +421 )
- Slovenia ( +386 )
- Solomon Islands ( +0 )
- Somalia ( +0 )
- South Africa ( +27 )
- South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands ( +0 )
- South Korea ( +82 )
- Spain ( +34 )
- Sri Lanka ( +94 )
- Sudan ( +249 )
- Suriname ( +597 )
- Svalbard and Jan Mayen ( +0 )
- Swaziland ( +268 )
- Sweden ( +46 )
- Switzerland ( +41 )
- Syria ( +963 )
- Taiwan ( +886 )
- Tajikistan ( +992 )
- Tanzania ( +255 )
- Thailand ( +66 )
- Togo ( +228 )
- Tokelau ( +0 )
- Tonga ( +676 )
- Trinidad and Tobago ( +1 )
- Tunisia ( +216 )
- Turkey ( +90 )
- Turkmenistan ( +0 )
- Turks and Caicos Islands ( +1 )
- Tuvalu ( +0 )
- U.S. Virgin Islands ( +1 )
- Uganda ( +256 )
- Ukraine ( +380 )
- United Arab Emirates ( +971 )
- United Kingdom ( +44 )
- United States ( +1 )
- United States Minor Outlying Islands ( +0 )
- Uruguay ( +598 )
- Uzbekistan ( +998 )
- Vanuatu ( +678 )
- Vatican ( +0 )
- Venezuela ( +58 )
- Vietnam ( +84 )
- Wallis and Futuna ( +0 )
- Western Sahara ( +0 )
- Yemen ( +967 )
- Zambia ( +260 )
- Zimbabwe ( +263 )
Why book with us?
What others say about us
Book Cheapest Flights to London, The Top Metropolis
London is among the oldest cities in the world — one of the most cosmopolitan with a history of almost two millennia. It is also the economic, transportation and cultural centers of Britain, by far the largest metropolis of the country.
London lies about 50 miles (80 km) upstream from its estuary in the North Sea along the Thames, in southeastern England. Satellite images show the metropolis sitting in a green open-air belt with its main ring road (M25) threaded through it within a distance of approximately 20 miles (30 km) from downtown. In the mid-50s, strict town planning controls stopped the growth of the built city. The geographical limits are in fact more or less in line with the administrative and statistical borders that distinguish the Greater London Metropolitan County from "home counties" (in clockwise order) of Kent, Surrey and Berkshire (in southern order), and Buckinghamshire, Hertfordshire and Essex (in northern order). Over and above existing administrative counties with the same names, the historical counties of Kent, Hertfordshire and Essex extend into a significant part of the Greater London metropolitan county, established in 1965. Much of the Greater London in the south of the Thames belongs to Surrey's historic county, while mostly London in the north of the Thames belongs to Middlesex County.
The interior structure of the Metropolitan is incredibly complex and defies definition. Unless the boundary is well described. Indeed, the defining feature of London is the lack of overall form. It is a polycentered city with a large number of core districts, and no simple hierarchy. There are at least 2 counties, mayors, dioceses, cathedrals, chamber of commerce, police, opera house, orchestra, and colleges, all in London, and sometimes many others in their ranks. It functions as a compound or confederal metropolis in any way.
Historically London developed out of three distinctive settlements: a walled settlement built by the Romans at the banks of the Thames during the 1st Century AD, currently known as the City of London, the "Square Mile," or just "the City." The walled settlement was formed in the 1st Century AD on the lower gravel bank of the Southwark River. The three groups performed distinct and complementary roles. The city of London has developed as a hub for finance, trade and banking. The Borough of Southwark was renowned for its monasteries, hospitals, inns, shows and fun houses, and its main theaters in London, the Rose (1587), the Swan (1595) and the world famous Globe (1599). The borough is recognised by many. Westminster grew up around an abbey that pulled the whole central British government apparatus, its legislature, its executive and the judiciary, into its train. This also includes large parks and the most fashionable retail and living areas – the West End. In the early 17th century, the northern bank settlements consolidated into a single built-up city, although it was not a single municipality that was expanded. In keeping its Medieval walls, the City of London was exceptional among the capitalists of Europe. Westminster and the other suburbs had their own administrative structures built, a trend repeated a hundred times when London exploded into a modern metropolis.
London already had more than a million inhabitants by 1800. It exceeded 6.5 million a century later. The physical growth of the city was not limited by military protection or by the intervention of state power (as evident in Paris, Vienna, Rome and other continental European cities). While the aristocracy, the church and other institutions with feudal origins controlled much of London, its growth was the result of unrestrained capitalism propelled by growing middle class housing demands. Free investment in the development of buildings engulfed villages and small cities around an ever increasing area, developing transport infrastructure and purchasing power. London was built up to 8 kilometers from East to West, 1750, 1850 to 24 kilometres, and 1950 to 30 kilometers.
The evacuation and bombing during the Second World War is a turning point in the history of London as it put to a sudden end the long period of widespread suburbanisation. Following the war, the Government determined that for its own economic and social benefit the metropolis was rising too large and that development is a strategic risk. This implemented a Green Belt and then postponed development within it. Finally, the metropolitan borders of London were redrawn to include the whole entire metropolis, and now Greater London is the result.
London is a much smaller location open to foreign tourists. Tourist transport focuses on an area that is defined by the major attractions: the Buckingham Palace, the British Museum, Westminster Abbey, the collection of waxworks, Madame Tussaud's, the London Tower, the three major South Kensington Museums (Nature history , science, Victoria and Albert) and Tate Gallica, each of them attracts a million to seven million visitors. In size, London's most popular tourist attraction is equivalent to a city of 10 square miles on foot in all directions from Trafalgar Square, as it was in the end of the 18th century. The world's most popular tourism is in London.
Residents of London are also more clustered in the metropolis. Property officials and estate agents like to characterize London in their cliché as a series of villages. Since London had grown in an early stage in scattered and haphazard fashion, some existing nucleus such as a church, an inn, a mill, parkland, and a common town were able to survive in or be within reach. The character of residential areas as well as the relief of suburban monotony are characterized with buildings of different ages and styles. The population in different neighbourhoods is also diverse as most places, including the most predominantly, with at least some public households have been supported by the English housing market. The chemical location, building stock, local services and property values of a multiethnic community combine with that of the metropolis in order to create a wide variety of residential microcosms. There are good community relations. In any place where Londoners meet and speak, they assign eagerness to the complexities of their districts and where they live seems to be as important as who they are.
The Valley of the Thames
The metropolis was designed and spread over a more or less symmetrical valley area, identified by the low gravel and clay ridges which were approximately 450 feet north of Hampstead and 11 miles (18 kms) south of Upper Norwood at about 380 ft (115 meters). Between these broken heights north and south, there are many gradient terraces on the field, with a size of 30–450 feet (225–45 metres) and a second and larger point, the terrace of Taplow, locating the City of London, the West End, the East End, and the high sou, with a length of 50–100 feet (5 – 30 feet), which includes the Boyn, Islington and the Putney and Richmond terraces. The lower field is a wide floodplain of the valley floor, just a few feet above the high-tide level. The Thames scatters the north and south restricted terraces as they flow into the sea. The Romans built the city of London, where the northernest meander is a steep bluff, underneath the higher terrace. There was an perfect location for both defense and trade at the top end of tidal navigation. The bulk of the growth in London afterwards spanned the better-drained terraces of the northern bank from that point. Development in the alluvial soil south of the river was more difficult before tidal depressions were completed in the 19th century.
To complete a natural picture of London before the site is constructed, you must bring in the great river on the valley floor, and many of them come from springs in the gravel, the tributary streams flowing from North and South to the hills. Those in the town centre, except where ornamental water is used in parks (i.e. Serpentine in Hyde Park), have been protected for a long time. They live in London's topography: Holborn, Fleet Street, Walbrook. A variety of larger tributaries, which are used for diverse navigation and related activities, supplied water, gravel and ornamental and recreation, are far away from central London. The Rivers are joined to Staines and Isleworth respectively on the northwest by the River Colne and the river Crane and the Rivers, on the north-east by the river Lea, which flows mostly from Hertfordshire, joining the Thames at the Blackwall just outside of Dogs and the Roding at the Barking River fusing about four miles (6 km) downward. The Ravensbourne flows through Bromley, Lewisham and Deptford, through Tidal Thames, Greenwich; the Wandle River rises near Croydon, and flows down to the Themes at the town of Wandsworth, through the touting and Merton; Beverley Brook rises in Sutton and passes at the foot of Wimbleedon Common, and through Richmond Park and Barn. South London has a number of small rivers flowing north into the Main Stream.
Panorama of the City
Various public points of view display the natural layout of the region. The best view over the central bay of the city is from Hampstead Heath. But, as for the city's crowded skyline, or as for the clear expanses of the birthplace, the Thomes Estuary, the South Downs and the Wald, one has a range of views from Shooters Hill, Upper Norwood or Alexandra's Palast. This panorama reveals that London resembles more closely than the today's amorphous and expansive metropolises, such as Tokyo and Los Angeles, with all its vastness. Past World War II Green Belt lines are easily traveled along the hills of the London Basin – the long ridges in south London and northwards, via Ruislip Common, Bushey Heath, Enfield Chase and Epping Forestry, the Hainault Wetlands, and the South Weald, the more broke high chain from Iver Heath (above Heath Airport).
Weather of London
The weather records of London date back to 1659, with detailed data available since 1723 for wind direction and precipitation since 1697. Such variations have a cyclical feel, followed by a lengthy boom after 1919, when London's climate got warmer, mostly due to a sunny autumn weather in the 1740, 1770s, 1809–17, 1836–45 and 1875–82.
New London has a similar climate with cold winters and warm summers in the south-east of England. The mean air daily temperature is 52 degrees F (11 degrees C) and 42 degrees F (5.5 degrees C) in January and 65 degrees F (18 degrees C), in July. Statistics indicate that on five days out of six, the sun shines briefly, however. The Londoners dress up warmly in the end of October and throw off their winter coats in April or May. West-southwest is the prevailing wave. The Chiltern Hills and North Downs have a slightly lower rainfall than the Home countries due to their sheltering impact. One would expect to have 200 dry days out of 365 and a total of approximately 23 cm (585 mm) of precipitation spread uniformly over the 12 months in an typical year.
Sleet and snow occurrence are less predictable. A long-term statistical average of 20 days varies significantly from year to year. The most snowy winter in 1695, with 70 days of snow. If snow occurs, it seldom accumulates (usually only in the first three months of the year). In the London garden, semi-hardy plants may winter, but a London wine berry grapes will be sweet enough to make wine only on a sheltered and sunny spot.
There is a very strong indication from temperature changes around the metropolis that the heat island is generated by building concentrations, internal fuels and heating and air conditioning plants. The air is dry and the temperatures are higher in the center of the region. In general, the average temperature difference from London to the surrounding area is 3.4 ° F (1.9 ° C), but the difference can be as high as 16.2 ° F (9 ° C) in individual nights. Wind speed and precipitation are influenced by the chemical , mechanical and thermal effects of the area. Downpours from heavy rain in London can be more extreme because pollution particles serve as water vapor condensation core.
London has been associated with smog for years, the term coined to describe the usual mix of fog and smoke in town at the turn of the twentieth century. Suspension of smoke and sulfur dioxide from the forest fires was the origin of the capital's "pea-soupers." A residential and industrial belt in inner London from the 19th century was the most badly affected area – particularly the East End, which had the largest factory smokestacks and domestic chemicals, and the lowest lying area, which hindered scattering. Only in the early 1960s, winter sunlight in the smoky areas of eastern Inner London dropped by 30 per cent. This dilemma was alleviated by the Clean Air Acts, which prohibited the burning of carbon in conjunction with an old-fashioned housing clearance and manufacturing loss.
London's air is also polluted by less visible but similarly toxic emissions like carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, asbestos, gasoline and aldehyde. Traffic fumes and other exhaust fumes may get stuck between the mountains around the city at an altitude of around 3,000 meters below the standing capping mass of warm urban air, causing eyes discomfort, asthma and bronchial complaints to immediately increase. However, Londons' environment is too dynamic to establish a photochemical smog of the sort that can be developed in cities such as Los Angeles under the more stable environment conditions.
People of London
London grew by 3 million from a total population of 5.6 million in 1891, to its peak in the beginning of the Second World War, with its population reduced by about 2 million for several decades after the war, to about 6.6 million by the mid 80s. For reasons common to all big cities of its size, the decline occurred. Increasing holiday and leisure events, reduced working hours and free access to cars are connected to working spaces. Families relocated from the area to look for a better quality of life. Companies relocated to more spacious and open locations for similar reasons. The majority of the population dispersed more quickly in the living quarters, rendering the household of three generations a rarity, with the exception of ethnic minorities. The initiative for mass housing and individual "development" of terraced houses tended similarly to reduce density of the population.
In the densest areas, the steepest decline occurred. In the postwar decades, Inner London districts lost over a third of their population. Throughout the 1980s the slowdown was alleviated by a decrease in the migration rates and an rise in new immigrant families' birth rates. The population in London began to rise again gradually in the 1990s, and by 2000 reached seven million; therefore, its size is close to that of New York City, even though the latter in a larger metropolitan area is around three times that of Greater London.
The oldest motorway in London is the Thames. The London Bridge was the only crossing until the construction of Westminster Bridge in 1750. Much of the river crossings and other journeys were made by boat in London. The stairways that led down into the ferries punctuated both banks. By 1603, the Thames Watermen had formed their own guild or company since the 14th century. Despite the periodic attempts to rekindle its use as a mass transit artery, hydrofoils, catamarans and hovercraft, the river ceased carrying significant passenger traffic after the introduction of ships. There are also numerous tunnels and bridges across the Thames.
The absence of an comprehensive road layout is London's most striking physical feature. City leaders have constantly sought to enforce more organized order on the capital. Sir Patrick Abercrombie's Greater London 1944 plan and the Greater London 1969 development plan were the most prominent attempts of modern times, both attempting to push new roads into the city fabric. Happily, both proposals have been thwarted, with London leaving a cohesive network of fragmented high-speed traffic. The brief parcel of a divided road on the north side of the Square Mile, a reliquary of Abercrombie 's framework for an inner ring road across the central business district, constitutes a representative event. The proposal to expand the property to the west was abandoned after years of economic hardship and the property sold. The former ring road system now covers an office block for a group of local solicitors.
Nonetheless, London, which has British public transport traffic at its highest level, has been benefiting from the inability to construct roads. The use of cars for work is limited and increasing in central London. A million people reach Central London every morning, with more than three-quarters coming by train.
In the four heroic decades from 1836 to 1876 the foundation for the capital's rail network was laid. The rival railway companies introduced 10 distinct track lines from each compass point into London, each with its own terminus station at the edge of the City and the West End's high-value metropolis. In 1884, the connection between the terminals was reached when the First "underground" of London, the Metropolitan Railway, was opened. The early construction of subterranean railways in London was encouraged by the easy excavation of clay which supplied the raw material to match the tunnel walls. Enhanced depth tunneling techniques after World War I allowed a rapid expansion of the subterráneum, while hundreds of square miles of rural Middlesex and Essex were opened for suburbanization by the Piccadilly, Bakerloo, Central and Northern lines. South of the Thames, the electric suburban lines of Victoria, Waterloo and Londonbridge from South Thomas have formed a similarly extensive railway station network. The convergent railways are one of the most distinctive topographic characteristic of South London, whether constructed on beautiful brick viaducts across the floodland or sunk into cuttings through the rollouting uplands. In tandem with the north London Underground (the Tube) and the south surface grid, London is able to provide a network of lines and train stations that are only rivaled in size and in capacity by that of Tokyo. By 1939, much of the network had already been established. During the second half of the 20th century, projects such as the Piccadilly line extension, the Jubilee Line, the Victoria Line and the Docklands Light Railway were only expected to fill the network planning gaps.
A common aspect of the cityscape is the iconic black taxi rink in London. The cabins and their drivers, the cabbies of London, are the result of a 1639 licensing scheme. Until around 1900 over 11,000 licensed cabs were on the streets of London for rent and a hundred years later they were twice that number. In 1904, first engine cabinets appeared and soon the horse-drawn machine was replaced (the latter remained until 1947). The new mechanical cabs were to be designed to fit in the same tight circle as a two-wheeled hansom cab in a Rule introduced in 1906. The black cabs in congested London streets and the distinctive 'seat-up and demand' style of these still in operation. Cabbies themselves have even older regulations which require them, for a 6-mile radius (10-km) from Charing Cross, to pass a thorough test of topography, street names and principal destinations. The "intelligence" trainee taxis are a common view on the capital's streets, as it is called.
The competitive, localist line which complicates government in London gives extraordinary cultural vitality. In the array of competing patronage centres, creative imagination flourishes. Kingly funded by the Royal Albert Hall, the Henry Wood Promenade Concert, popularly known as the Proms, serviced the scene for one of the world's largest Music Festivals every summer. Town patronage, former industrial factory land along the Waterloo riverbank, first the London County Council and then the Greater London Council, has become the arts complex on a South Bank that incorporates the Royal Fascinated Festival Hall, Queen Elizabeth Hall and Hayward Gallery. There is also the National Film Theater and the Royal National Theater. The Imperial War Museum, the London Aquarium and the London Eye (a massive Ferris wheel of its kind) are in the area. In the Square Mile on the Barbican, a high-end urban regeneration program developed on World War II sites, which was situated just north of the central trade district, not outdone by City Corporation has opened its own arts complex. The Barbican is host to the London Symphony Orchestra and has a concert hall, cinemas, art gallery, bookstore, and a theatre.
Every center produces its own festival program and special events as do communities and business developers. No other city in Europe provides young and talented musicians, poets, photographers, cinemas and performers with so many entrances. While exact figures are not clear, London can definitely be said to have a significant proportion of the national total employment in cultural industries. Lists of over 100 venues for performing arts are available on a typical Saturday or Friday evening. Although the heterogeneity of arts funding is often in unfavorable comparison with strong public patronage elsewhere, London's distinctive mix of broad-based internationalism and local particularism is hard to avoid.
The British Museum was founded in 1753 when it was buyed and amalgamated by the government with three collections: the Antique and Natural History collections of the physicist Sir Hans Sloane, the Cotton Bibliothèque and the antiques of the Westminster family of Cotton for 50 years, as well as the Harleian Manuscripts collection of the 1st and 2nd Oxford hands. A public auction increased the collections' purchase price and a building to store them in Bloomsbury. Due to purchases and gifts as well as by the plunder of war and colonial conquest, the initial nucleus was quickly extended. In 1823–46, the premises of Bloomsbury were entirely refurbished in keeping with the design of Robert Smirke, whose large ionic portico graced the museum's south side. In the 1850s, the cornerstone of Smirke 's architecture, a large internal quadrangle, was embedded in an enormous copper dome, which created Karl Marx's Das Kapital Reading Space. The interior patio and the lecture hall were enclosed in the late 1990s with a glass roof 2-acre (0.8-hectare), making the area one of Europe's largest public covered squares. This was formally opened to the public in December 2000 and christened the Grand Court of Queen Elizabeth II. In 1998 the library collections were transferred to St. Pancras, which was established in 1972 as the British Library. The room available at Bloomsbury had even expanded to other collections.
Throughout the 1880s the botanical and zoological specimens of the British Museum were revived as a museum of natural history throughout South Kensington, located in a luxurious building richly carved and designed by Victorian Alfred Waterhouse. It belonged to a science and art centre, built on a land purchased from the proceeds of the 1851 Grand Exhibition on the direct initiative of the husband of Queen Victoria, Prince Albert. The former Geological museum located nearby was founded in 1986 by the Natural History Museum. The Science Museum and the Victoria and Albert Museums, with their large collections of fine and applied arts, are its immediate neighbors.
There are over 250 entries in the list of London museums that can cover most industries, sects, race, occupation, excitement and insignificance. The Bethnal Green Childhood Museum (1872; toys); the National Maritime Museum (1937; ships and sea); the London Museum of Local History with its locations on the London Wall (1975), on the Docklands (2003); and the Freud Museum (1982). Outstanding collection is available in English.
London was expected to have about one-third of the art galleries in the nation and maybe half the total area in Britain. The National Gallery on Trafalgar Square is the largest of the permanent collections. The National Portrait Gallery held a wide range of paintings, sculptures, photos and miniatures from the past and the present. It is a selection of works from the National Portrait Gallery. The Tate Galleries exhibits many of the impressive collections at two London venues: the Millbank, Tate Britanna, and the Bankside, where new international paintings and sculptures are displayed. The galleries are also on view. Somerset's House on the Beach contains the Courtauld School of Fine Arts and the Collection of Gilbert (decorative arts). (The Tate has galleries both in St. Ives and Liverpool). The Manchester Square Wallace collection incorporates the work of paintings by great masters in the ambience of an aristocratic city house from many countries with furniture, ceramics and goldsmith. South of the river is the Dulwich Picture Gallery, which is the oldest public art gallery in England, established in the 17th and 18th centuries for the collections of masterpieces such as Rembrandt, Peter Paul Rubens, Thomas Gainsborough, and Nicolas Poussin. Its founder Sir John Soane was also home to an impressive personal collection of art in his home in Lincoln's Inn Fields in 1812–13, including gravures and pictures by William Hogarth and Canaletto as well as works of art from the Middle Ages as well as the classical and Egyptian antiquities. In 1833 it was built as a public museum; it was discovered by today's tourists when it was abandoned.
Special exhibits are housed at the National Gallery and the Tate Museum. The aforementioned Hayward Gallery, a sculptured concrete box of the 1960s period, and the Burlington House in Piccadilly were the two main art venues for exhibits. The leading company galleries are situated around the epicenter of Bond Street in the West End of London. The specialized and avant-garde galleries are scattered in the whole of London to the north and west of London.
Top Attractions in London
Buckingham Palace and the Changing of the Guard
Buckingham Palace, one of Britain's most famous buildings, is also the site of London's most common show of pomp and circumstance, The Changing of the Guard. Drawing crowds at 11:30am irrespective of the season, this lively and free display of precision marching and music is also held at St. James's Palace, after which you can follow the band along The Mall as they march between sites. Buckingham Palace was built in 1837, and has been the Royal Family 's London residence since the accession of Queen Victoria. If you wonder if the Queen is in the room, look at the flagpole above the building: if day and night flies, she is free. She and Royal Family members can even come up on the central balcony on special occasions in the state.
If the Queen goes to her Scottish summer Palace, visitors can buy tickets for tours of the state rooms, the Queen's Gallery and the Royal Mews.
A 4.5-hour tour of a palace, including a change in the guard ceremony and afternoon tea, includes a change in the guard and an afternoon ceremony. one of the best ways to visit the palace.
This tour is very efficient way of seeing the highlights in a short time, and it is much more pleasant and relevant to first-time visits that a knowledgeable guide explains the history.
The Tower of London and Tower Bridge
The splendid Tower of London has played many different roles over the centuries, from the prison to the palace, from treasury vault to the private zoo. This spectacular World Heritage Site is one of British iconic buildings and offers hours of fascination to visitors interested in the rich history of the country-after all, so much of it is here. The 17th century Line of Kings with its impressive displays of royal arms and armor is situated within the huge White Tower, designed by Guillim the Conqueror in 1078.
The famous Crown Jewels, the Beefeaters, the Royal Mint and horrific exhibits on the site also include other highlights. The nearby Tower Bridge is one of London's most prominent landmarks (fascinating back-the-scenes tours are offered), with the two massive tours standing 200 meters above the Thames River.
Purchase a Tower of London entrance ticket including Crown Jewelry and Beefeater Tour in advance to bypass ticket office lines to make the best use of your time, especially during the busy summer seasons. This ticket guarantees the lowest price, avoids crowds and saves time and energy.
The British Museum
In the British Museum there are over 13 million artifacts from the ancient world, displaying one of the finest collections of antiques in the world. It is hard to know where to begin with invaluable items from Assyria, Babylon, China , Europe, and elsewhere. The most famous exhibits in this museum are the controversial Elgin Marbles of the Parthenon, the Rosetta stone, the colosal bust of Ramses II, Egyptian mummies and the spectacular Roman silver garden, known as the Treasure of Mildenhall, which dates back to the 4th century.
In addition to a well-stocked, in-house bookshop with a comprehension of historical, archaeological and art history titles, you will also find a shop selling games and souvenirs for children and selling replicas of sculptures and jewellery. The museum provides a variety of seminars , workshops and a restaurant and a coffee shop for those who can spend longer.
Big Ben and Parliament
"London," the 318-foot-tower that holds a colossal clock and a resounding bell called Big Ben, yelled nothing more. The Big Ben tolling is also known worldwide as the BBC time sign and is as iconic a landmark as the Tower Bridge. The Parliament House, the seat of the UK Government for many centuries and once the seat of the Royal Westminster Palace, occupied by William the Conqueror, are underneath it, stretching over the Thames.
Parliament building tour offers a unique opportunity to see discussions and lively political discussions in real time. Whitehall is surrounded by so many government buildings from Parliament Square that the name has become synonymous with the British Government.
One of the world's largest art museums, the National Gallery of London is a nearly complete history of European painting between 1260 and 1920. In its collections of Dutch and Italian Masters from the 15th and 16th centuries, the museum boasts its most important strengths. Among the highlights are a sketch of Leonardo da Vinci's Madonna and Child by Michelangelo, Venus and Mars by Botticelli, Sunflowers by van Gogh, and Monet 's Water-Lily Pond.
The Victoria and Albert Museum
The Victoria and Albert Museum (in the form of the V&A) is part of a group of museums in the South Kensington, which comprise the Museum of Natural History and the Museum of Science. Founded in 1852, the V&A comprises 145 galleries covering some 5,000 years and related objects. The project covers almost 13 acres.
Exhibits include ceramics and glass, textiles and clothes, silver and jewellery, ironwork, sculpture, prints and photos, arranged in four major categories: Asia; Furniture; Sculpture, Metalwork; ceramics and glass; Word and Image. Furnishings are available in three different categories:
You can not go around this large museum in one visit, so you want to decide which areas you want to see most in advance. Taking a V&A tour with all choice, from regular introductory tours to exclusive galleries or theme tour, is highly recommended and often free.
If you want to visit a fun "Friday Late" program, which is popular for your food and beverage events, together with late night show openings, on the last Friday of that month.
Piccadilly Circus and Trafalgar Square
The Piccadilly Circus and Trafalgar Square are two of London's most famous tourist sites not far away, marking the gateways to Soho, London 's lively theatre. In 1805, Trafalgar Square was designed to commemorate the victory in Trafalgar of Lord Horatio Nelson over the French and the Spanish. The 183 ft granite monument of Nelson's Column is overlooked by bronze reliefs cast from French cannons on the square's fountains. The square is surrounded by Admiralty Arch, St. Martin in the woods, and National Gallery.
Piccadilly Circus marks the irregular crossroads of several busy street streets – Piccadilly, Regent, Haymarket and the Avenue Shaftesbury – overlooking this somewhat untidy snarl of the best-known London sculpture. The term "It's like Piccadilly Circus" describes a busy and confusing scene.
The Shard has been one of the most famous and most visited landmarks in London since its inauguration in 2012. This remarkable structure-so-called for its similarity to a shadow of glass-stands at a height of 1,016 feet and covers some 95 stories and dominated the skyline, thanks to its nice design, when seen near neighbors like the Tower Bridge.
The Shard offers a stunning hotel in Shangri-La and three superb restaurants with some of London 's most unbelievable views, in addition to its office at the lower level. The top levels consist of a selection of viewing platforms for those who do not stay here: indoor and outdoor.
The Two Tates: Tate Britain and Tate Modern
London is now home to two Tate Art Galleries, the Tate Britain and the Tate Modern, which once were commonly known as the Tate Gallery. In 1897, the original gallery was founded in a National Collection of Significant British Art and continued making purchases, requiring more space to properly exhibit its collections. It was one of the world's leading art collections. The end result was the establishment of Tate Britain, a permanent collection of historical British paintings in Millbank on the north side of the Thames.
The modern art collection is now home to a superbly transformed power plant throughout the Thames. Art enthusiasts can spend the day seeing both sites, which are easily accessible via high speed ferry. Better yet, walk over the Millennium Bridge, which connects the riverside with the Tate Modern. The panorama is amazing.
Westminster Abbey is another place with a long relationship with the British kingship, and is located at an early 7th century Christian site. In 1065, Edward the Confessor founded Westminster Abbey as his intermental site, which is officially known as the Collegiate Church of St. Peter in Westminster.
Most sovereigns were not only crowned, but buried here too, from its burial in 1066, to that of George II almost 700 años later. Recently, it is known as Royal Weddings' favorite place.
This Gothic architectural masterpiece not only has the highest gothic nave in British territory (102 feet), it is also one of the most popular tourist attractions in London, attracting over a million visitors every year. The highlights of a visit include visiting the more than 600 Nave memorials, including the Unknown Warrior 's Tomb; Poet's Corner in the Transepts, which includes memorials such as Shakespeare, Chaucer and Dickens; the Westminster Abbey Museum, and the lovely gardens.
Tips to Save Big on Flights to London
Looking for cheap flights to London? Look no further as 911travelshop offers some exclusive London flight deals, which can help save big. In addition to our affordable flight deals, following are some easy tips that can help save extra.
- Book flight at least three weeks in advance
- Prefer booking an indirect flight than a direct one as direct flights are more likely to be costlier
- Plan vacation during the off-season
- Choose to fly on weekdays
- Keep travel dates flexible
- Check flexible travel dates as this will help aid in finding the best flight deal
- Look for the best flight permutation and combination of the airlines to get the best and cheapest possible flight deal available
- Take advantage of a Code sharing option that allows taking a flight with an airline via another one with the best pricing
- Choose to book via 911travelshop to grab the best deals on airline tickets
- Use Travel Credit Card points to travel. By signing up for a new travel credit card, travelers can collect miles, and fly for free. Many credit cards also offer sign-up bonuses of 50,000 points
- Subscribe to our newsletter & get latest flight deals and updates straight to your inbox
Book Cheap Flights to London. FAQ
What is the cheapest month to fly to London?
Currently, the cheapest month for flights to London is February. The most expensive month for flights is June.
What are the cheapest flights to London?
Several major airlines offer cheap direct flights from the United States to London.
Airlines That Fly To London
- United Airlines.
- American Airlines.
- Delta Airlines.
- British Airways.
- Air France.
- Virgin Atlantic.
How do I get cheap London tickets?
If you're looking for cheap flight tickets to or from London, you've come to the right place. 911travelshop can help you find cheap flight tickets to London from anywhere. We've got all the cheapest Advance fares to London available, as well as flexible Off-Peak and Anytime fares.
Save yourself from the hassle of buying tickets to London via unreliable agencies, and book via 911travelshop.
Hints and tips for finding cheap tickets.
- Book in early - Advance tickets are the cheapest tickets. The earlier you book the greater the saving, up to 80%. If you see a deal, then grab it.
- Be flexible - Avoid the busy peak travel days and times
- Get Single - 2 singles can be better value than 1 return journey
- Split your journey up - Instead of booking one ticket for your journey try splitting the journey into different stages with a ticket for each stage.
How much should I budget for a day in London? How much money will you need for your trip to London?
You should plan to spend around £145 ($180) per day on your vacation in London, which is the average daily price based on the expenses of other visitors.
What is the best airline to fly to London?
Best Airlines from the USA to London are
- Airline 1 – Virgin Atlantic.
- Airline 2 – British Airways.
- Airline 3 – Delta Airlines.
- Airline 4 – Singapore Airlines
How much does an average trip to London cost?
The average price of a 7-day trip to London is $2,002 for a solo traveler, $3,596 for a couple, and $6,741 for a family of 4. London hotels range from $77 to $351 per night with an average of $148, while most vacation rentals will cost $280 to $590 per night for the entire home.
What day of the week is cheapest to fly to London?
The cheapest days of the week to fly are Thursday and Saturday. Saturday might sound like a popular—hence expensive—day to fly. But in truth, most travelers prefer to come back from vacation on Sunday to maximize their time away. The most popular days for business travelers, meanwhile, are Monday and Friday.
Do tickets get cheaper last minute?
Buy Advance tickets on the day
that's right, our advance purchase on the day tool can help you to get the cheaper fares on the same day of travel. It's easy to use when you're on the go, meaning you can book last-minute tickets in a flash.
What is the cheapest airport to fly into England?
?The 5 Cheapest Airports to Fly to in England
- London Gatwick
- London Heathrow
- London City Airport. Seeing passengers land closer to the heart of the bustling capital than any other airport in the country, London City Airport boasts the fifth cheapest average price tag on air connections from the United States.
How much does a 10 day trip to London cost?
Using travel hacking tips, 10 days in London usually cost 481.21 GBP—$710 USD. That works out to be roughly $70 USD per day. And that's not just day-to-day expenses. That includes EVERYTHING—flight to London, hotel, transportation, food, drinking, and attractions.
How can I get cheaper train tickets?
- Get a Railcard or 16-17 Saver. With a Railcard you can get 1/3 off the price of train fare
- Book Advanced Fares
- Buy a Season Pass
- Use a Fare Finder
- Avoid Booking Fees
- Smart Ticketing
- Cheap First-Class Tickets
Which airline has most comfortable economy seats?
Airlines with the Most Seat Space in Economy
- Jet Blue. Jet Blue is the leader in the “most pitch” and “widest seat” contest because the majority of their economy and coach class seats are roomy
- Air Canada. Air Canada has the largest pitch range for coach class seats
- Virgin America
- Hawaiian Airlines
- American Airlines
- Cathay Pacific
How many days before a flight is the best price?
You'll want to book your domestic flight 70 days before departure to get the best deals. Of course, this is an average - not every flight will have the lowest prices exactly 70 days before departure - but it's a decent rule of thumb.
Are flights really cheaper on Tuesdays?
The best day of the week to buy flight tickets is Tuesday. Apparently, this is due to airlines announcing deals on Monday evenings. By Tuesday at noon, other airlines are trying to match those deals. So Tuesday afternoons are the best time to hunt for reduced airfare.
How can I get super cheap flights?
How to Book the Cheapest Flight Possible to Anywhere
- Keep your searches top secret
- Choose to book via 911travelshop
- Identify the cheapest day to fly out
- Fly for free with points
- Befriend budget airlines
- Search for airline error and sale fares
- Book connecting flights yourself for less
- Find the cheapest place to fly
Do flight prices drop on Sundays?
According to ARC data, the average price of a domestic flight purchased on a Sunday was $432, and it was slightly higher on Saturday, at $437. The smartest travelers seem to be those who booked flights on a Sunday 50 to 100 days before departure: They paid $110 less for their tickets compared to the average.
Do flight prices go down at night? Do flight prices go down on Tuesday?
Yes, it seems most airlines launch their discounts on Monday nights, so you can pick up the best prices on Tuesday mornings. Typically, you'll save somewhere between 15 and 25 percent.