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Fly to Mexico, The City of Arts
Mexico, North America's southern region, and after Brazil and Argentina, the third largest in Latin America. In Mexican society, the extremes of wealth and deprivation are characterized by the small middle class, which is connected by an affluent community of landowners and investors and masses of rural and urban poor on the one side. Yet Mexico is one of the main economic and political powers in Latin America, given the challenges it faces as a developing country. It has a dynamic industrial base, a huge mineral resource base, a wide range of services and the largest Spanish-speaker population in the world – roughly two and a half times Spain or Colombia. As its official name means, 31 nations with social and physical diversity as well as the Federal District are part of the United States of Mexico.
In the center of the country, more than half the Mexicans stay, while large regions of the arid north and the tropical south are slimly populated. Migrants from poor rural areas have been pouring into Mexico Cities, with almost four-fifths of the Mexican population now living in urban areas. The City of Mexico is one of the world's most populated towns and metropolitan areas. Mexico has undergone a number of economic booms which have led in the mid- and lower class to a number of periods of remarkable social gains, followed by busting. Despite stronger ties with the United States and Canada under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the country remains economically sensitive.
In more isolated areas Mexico 's city-building pains are strongly contrasted with the traditional lifestyles. Tiny tribal settlements exist in states like Oaxaca or Chiapas, where indigenous peasants live much like their ancestors. In contrast with the colonial towns, like Taxco or Querétaro, the culture remains of great pre-Colombian civilizations, such as Teotihuacán or the Mayan pyramid of Chichén Itzá and Tulum. Such cities, by comparison with the modern metropolis of Mexico City, appear as historical remains. But Mexico 's diverse spectrum of social , economic and cultural challenges are unveiled in the booming capital, which has been continually founded on the ruins of past civilizations. As Octavio Paz noted, the legendary Mexican poet and intellectual.
It is this massive cultural and economic diversity that gives Mexico its unique character, spread over a greatly complex and diverse physical landscape.
Setting & Nature of Mexico
Mexico is bordered west and south by the Pacific Ocean, east by the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean, and south-east by Guatemala and Belize, shared a common border throughout its northeast area with the United States. Mexico also administers Tres Marías in the Pacific and Cozumel and Mujeres off the shore of the Yucatan Peninsula, the islands and archipelagos. The roughly triangular nation occupies an area approximately three times the size of Texas, including these insular territories. The distance between the north-west and south-east ranges from under 135 miles (217 km) at the Tehuantepec Isthmus to more than 1.200 miles (1.900 km) in the north. It covers an total of 1,850 miles (3,000 km).
Mexico has few major rivers or natural lakes due to its climate and land arrangements. In the central part of the country, the biggest is found. It flows westward to Lake Chapala, the biggest natural lake in the country, with its head waters in Toluca basin, west of Mexico City. The river Santiago flows from the Lake to the northwest and traverses the Western Sierra Madre to the Pacific. All the way to the Gulf of Mexico, in the eastern Mesa Central, the eastern waters of the Pánuco and its tributaries, the River Moctezuma and the Santa María, plunge through the gorges of the Sierra Madre Oriental. The Pátzcuaro and Cuitzeo lakes, west of the City of Mexico, are relics of huge lakes and ponds, covering much of the southern Meso Central prior to the settlement of Europe.
In the arid Mesa Del Norte there are few permanent streams, most of which drain into the inner and not into the ocean. The Rio Bravo del Norte (called the Rio Grande in America), which is by far the longest river in the country, is the most important. For irrigation agriculture and hydro-electricity, the Conchos River is a tributary to the Río Bravo.
The Balsas River and its affluents drain the Balsas as well as the southern part of the Central Mesa. Bolzano is a major hydro-electric power outlet, dammed where it crosses the Sierra Madre del Sur. The Grijalva-Usumacinta river system drains much of the humid Chiapas Highlands on the southeast frontier of Guatemala. The Grijalva and Usumacinta are two-fifths of Mexico 's total river volume along with the Papaloapan rivers, which join the Gulf of Mexico south of Veracruz.
Streams across the West and East coasts are short and steep because of the western and eastern Sierra Madre and the eastern Sierra Madre. The Rivers Yaqui, Fuerte, and Culiacán have been dammed along the Pacific Coastal Lowlands and sustain vast irrigated areas. Aridity of Baja California and the porous calestones underpinning the Yucatan Peninsula are practically unpermanent.
Climate in Mexico
Mexico has a wide variety of climatic conditions due to its huge size and topographical diversity. The southern Tropic of Cancer is more than half the country. The relatively low pressures on the land have drawn tropical sea air masses in this area from the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean and the Pacific. The main precipitation sources from May to August are maritime air masses. In the coastal lowlands, from August through October, tropical hurricanes spawned on both sides of the country in sea. The Sonoran and Chihuahuan deserts dominate Northern Mexico and most of the Mexican Plateau are dominated by arid and semi-arid conditions.
Seasonal temperature differences in the tropics are small , usually between the warmest and coldest months just around 10oF (5oC). Winter is not the cold season but the rainy in the regions. In most parts of Mexico, elevation is a significant climate factor, and a range of vertical climates are known.
The terra caliente ("hot ground"), with uniformly high temperatures, is at just more than 3,000 feet (900 metres). For example , the average daily temperature of Veracruz in the Gulf of Mexico is around 77 ° F (25 ° C). It covers an altitude of more than 4.600 feet (1.400 metres) in the town of Xalapa, where the average daily temperature of the tierra tempera is 66 ° F (19oC). The Tyrolean Terra Templada is approximately 1800 meters long. The land fría ("cold soil"), with an average annual temperature of 59 ° F (15 ° C) extends up to 11,000 meters (3,350 meters) and includes Pachuca, which is less than 2.440 m (8,000feed). The terra fría is overgrown with the páramos, or alpine pastures, and the tierra fría, or a permanent snow line that can be found between 4,000 to 4,270 metres, in Central Mexico, at between 13,000 and 13,000 feet.
Temperature levels are dramatically rising north of the tropics, and in the north-central part of Mesa del Norte they are highest with high summer and winter temperatures. In Central Baja California and the North Sonoran and Chihuahuan deserts, the highest temperature is over 110 ° F (43 ° C) in July and August. Externally, the lowest temperatures normally do not fall below 32 ° F ( 0 ° C) outside high mountain areas in Northern Mexico and the northern central part of the Mesa del Norte.
In Mexico at least part of the year, there is a lack of sufficient precipitation. The north area of the Tropic of Cancer is generally less than 20 centigrade inches (500 mm) annually and is classified climate-related as either tropical desert or as tropical steppe, except for Sierra Madre Occidental, the Sierra Madre Oriental and the Gulf Costa Plain. Almost all of Baja California, several areas of Sonora and Chihuahua receive less than 10 centimeters (250 mm) of precipitation a year. Much of Mexico Central and South receives less than 40 inches (1 000 mm) each year from May to August, and is classified as tropical or highland savanna. The Chiapas Highlands and the southern parts of Yucatán's Peninsula are the primary precipitation of the Gulf Coastal plain and its surrounding mountains, roughly from Tampico to Villahermosa, all year round. Due to consistently high temperatures and humid conditions, a tropical rain forest climate exists there.
Life & Regions in Mexico
Due to differences in physical environment, ethnicity and settlement history there have evolved certain cultural areas in Mexico and few of those areas correspond precisely to the physiographic regions of the country. Mexico has traditionally been separated from northern Spain by the Spanish-Mestis northerly and southern Indians by the pre-Columbian border, which separated from the less agriculturally dependent groups of northern highly developed indigenous civilizations of southern and central Mesa. The country can be divided further into the northeast, the northwest, Baja California peninsula, Central, West, Balsas, Gulf Coast, Southern Highlands and Yuchatan Peninsula. The region is divided into 10 traditional cultural regions.
In this area, the sparsely populated North covers Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Zacatecas and San Luis Potosí, which corresponds closely to the northern Mesa. Spain introduced mining and ranching in both the 16th and the 18th centuries, and these practices tend to characterize rural environments, although the economy there have been changed by contemporary irrigeration and industrialisation ventures along the frontier with the United States.
North-eastern nations include Nuevo León and Tamaulipas, stretching from Tampico to the U.S. border and inlands in the Sierra Madre Oriental. Early European settlers who built farms and ranches following the indigenous population of the area were eliminated. Although long one of the poorest regions in the country, new petroleum and stainless steel industries and irrigation projects along the Rio Bravo del Norte (Rio Grande) have considerably enhanced the economic situation of the Northeast.
The Northwest is a wide area located in the west of the summit of the Western Sierra Madre, stretching from Sonora to the south across the border with Sinaloa and Northern Nayarit. This area was considerably physiographically diverse and before the invasion of the Spanish, the Tarahumara and Seri are among the indigenous peoples who continue to inhabit isolated settlements. Like in the north, the Spain was attracted to mineral resources, but farming and irrigation were subsequently used to overpower the rural areas. Industrial plants (Free market focus and reduction of government intervention) and NAFTA, encouraged by neoliberal economic policies, were opened in many northwestern cities. The area is also a center for illegal drug trafficking, which is linked to the US.
The peninsula of Baja California is the north Baja California, and the south Baja California Sur. Though the two parts of the peninsula are now large urban areas, it was historically one of Mexico's most isolated parts. Diseases introduced by Christian missionaries in the late 18th century decimated the original, scattered indigenous populations. In the agricultural groups, Europeans and mestizos settled in oasis, initially in places such as San Ignacio and Mulegé (Mulejé). In the 1970-years, after opening the paved Transpeninsular Highway in Cabo San Luca and other places in the far south, tourism began to thrive.
Mexico 's cultural core is the central region. It includes the central and eastern parts of Central Messa and the adjacent mountainous areas, including Hidalgo, Mexico, Morelos, Puebla, Queretaro and Tlaxcala. Before being the heart of New Spain and the capital of modern Mexico, it was the center of Aztec and of numerous other indigenous civilizations. Today, the Central Region is the primary urban and industrial center and one of the most important agricultural areas of the country. Most basins are heavily populated, like Mexico, Toluca, Puebla, and Morelos. The majority of the population are mestizos, but the more isolated areas in Michoacán, Hidalgo (particularly the Mezquital Valley) and Puebla still contain indigenous groups. Still now, the modern urban Mexico and traditional rural indigenous lifestyles in the region are sharply contrasted.
The West covers Guadalajara with parts of Colima, Nayarit, Aguascalientes, Zacatecas and the states of Guanajuato and the State of Jalisco. Due to its relatively big rural population, fertile basins, and access to the Pacific, Bajío has been called the bread basket of Mexico for a long time. A large amount of the small town centers of Querétaro, Salamanca, Irapuato and León are industrial developments, while the main ports of the Pacific are Manzanillo and Lázaro Cárdenas. Many of the things that were often regarded as distinctly Mexican — like tequila, mariachi music and the decorative broken sombrero and charro (the rancher) costume — originated from the West.
The cultural region of Balsas, which corresponds closely to the physiographically similar area, extends through the northern state of Guerrero. It's warm, hot and dwindling. Cattle ranching was a pillar of the economy, although livelihood slash and burn farming is common to poor farmers.
The Gulf Coast covers the coastal regions of Veracruz and Tabasco and the surrounding eastern slopes of the Oriental Sierra Madre. The coastal zone population is predominantly mestizo, but the mountains north of Veracruz have indigenous communities. Veracruz is the region's cultural hub and has been the main non-petroleum port in the country for a long time. Another of the country's most important ports is Coatzacoalcos. In the region near Villahermosa and in other parts of the south of the bay, Mexican oil production centers on a number of large inland and offshore fields. Ranching cattle and commercial farming are also important economic components. Southern parts of the region were swampy and almost settlementless until commercial exploitation was allowed for the rich alluvial soils in the Papaloapan and Grijalva-Usumacinta River projects.
Much of Michoacán, Guerrero, Oaxaca and Chiapas are located in the southern highlands. The poorest part of the country is indigenous people but the mestizos rule the southern half of Chiapas. Groups such as the minifundia farm of Zapotec and Mixteca, small plots of land, by conventional methods on the mountains. Looking from the air, the landscape looks like a patchwork quilt, but its picturesque image is poorly seen. The vibrant, modern tourist centers on the coast like Acapulco, Puerto Escondido and other inland towns such as Oaxaca, are in marked contrast. Most of Chiapas is relatively isolated from Mexico, but more and more refugees have arrived in the state. Since the 1990s the region has become the center of the world-wide independence indigenous movement, for instance the Zapatista National Liberation Army.
The Yucatán peninsula was a center of ancient Maya culture, also known as the southeastern region. This includes Yucatán, Campeche and Quintana Roo nations. The region still mostly comprises the indigenous peasants of Maya and is known for its archeological sites, such as Chichén Itzá and Uxmal (both UNESCO World Heritage sites) and Tulum. Mérida, the only major town in the area, was a first henequin (a form of agave) production center that brought about a regional economic boom at the end of the 1800s. Sparse population depends on subsistence farming and hunting and gathering in the tropical rainforests to the south.
Flourishing Trade in Mexico
Mexico has a developing market economy strongly linked to America and its main markets and capital sources. The economy of Mexico is one of Latin America's most influent and has been growing rapidly since the 1970s. The country's per capita GDP is, however, far below the United States' per capita GDP. Mexican economy relies heavily on services — including trade, transport, finance and government — representing approximately two-thirds of GDP. The production is responsible for approximately one fifth of the GDP. While almost one-fifth of the employees of the Mexican agriculture industry make up only a small proportion of GDP. On the other hand, transfers from abroad Mexican workers , especially in the US, are bringing into the economy billions of dollars every year.
Mexico had largely been characterized by government and mixed capital businesses in conjunction with a highly regulated private sector for much of the 20th century. In numerous activities, including mining, forestry, insurance, and power production, the government strictly controlled foreign capital and imports and barred private investors from possession. Semi Autonomous government companies have been responsible for oil industry management, electricity generation and distribution, banks, airline and railway operation, controlled telecommunications. Moreover, prices for many goods and services were regulated by the government. But in the 1980s, the nation started a major economic transition. According to the neoliberal economic theory, many industries were completely liberalized, government companies dismantled, foreign investment received significant amounts and most import restrictions were removed. Partly privatized, including the airlines, the railways and ports, telecommunications, electricity sector and the transmission industry. A free trade area between Mexico, the United States and Canada has been established by the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in the mid 1990s. After Donald Trump was elected president of the United States in 2016, efforts were initiated by the United States to redefine its trade relationship, and Mexico, the United States and Canada signed the US-Mexico–Canada Agreement (USMCA) in 2018 which maintained a good part of the NAFTA but also made a number of substantial changes to the agreement.
Like other countries of Latin America, Mexico experienced a number of economic boom and busts, but its diversified sectors have contributed to economic recovery and growth. In the early 1980's, a global drop in oil prices and rising interest rates and inflation were precipitating an economic crisis. The Mexican peso was devalued in 1994 and the country plunged into a serious, if temporary, recession after a dynamic period of growth in the early 1990s. Families of the lower and middle classes were stressed particularly with the increase in poverty and unemployment and with the leaving of foreign capital. By reducing spending, setting up an economic austerity program and agreeing to a controversial US sponsored rescue programme, the government stabilize the economy. Subsequent governments continued guiding neoliberal theories in the country. Desperate fears that manufacturing jobs in East Asian factories were being lost, the economy grew steadily at the turn of the 21st century, combined with rising world petroleum prices, due to the increasing demand in the US for consumer products and oil.
Transportation in Mexico
Because of the country 's diverse landscape and developing economy, Mexico has had difficulties creating an integrated transport network. As a result there are many parts of Mexico without good rail and road connections, particularly in the northern part of the country from east to west. While in the Latin American region, the vast rail system of the former state is still inefficient, it was significantly improved once the government privatized this system. Mexico is the first country that promoted railway development in Latin America. Majeure railway tracks run from Mexico City to Mexicali northwest along the Pacific coast, to El Paso Central and Laredo, Texas northward, to the Yucatán Peninsula eastwards and south eastwards.
Most passengers and freight are carried by the highway system of Mexico, in particular through interstate buses and cross-country trucking. Trucks are also responsible for much of Mexico's exports to U.S. maquiladoras. All main roads connect to Mexico City as with the railroad. The capital is linked to several towns on the northern border and others link the peninsula of Yucatán and Guatemala to the central mesa. From the border of Guatemala to the United States, the pan-American Highway goes across Mexico City from Ciudad Cuauhtémoc, to Nuevo Laredo, Mexico. Mexico's roads are not enough to serve national needs even though many roads have been improved. Apart from the transport dangers such as potholes and a lack of guards on mountain roads, many roads offer a dangerous combination of overcrowded lorries, cars, football, motorcycles, busses and, in some areas, pasture. There are also dangerous transport connections. Free drive, mechanical problems (particularly inadequate brakes and headliners), and a lack of regard for pedestrian safety also affect road death rates.
Mexico and the United States are growing in trade and tourism through significant amounts of border crossings. In fact, more than one million people legally crossed the United States-Mexico frontier in both directions at the turn of the 21st century. In addition, every year tens of thousands of Mexicans and Central Americans go into the United States illegally, largely looking for employment and better opportunities.
Air travel is now an important mode of transport for Mexicans of the upper and middle class. The country's national and international airports, largely to serve the growing tourist trade, have been built. The government began to privatize the aviation industry in the 1990s. By the beginning of the 21st century, the former national aviation companies Aeroméxico and Mexicana had been sold to private investors. Air service now reaches every tourist destination and the vast majority of urban centers in the country.
Mexico's vast majority have one or more radios and nearly three-fourths have TVs. Since the mid-1990s mobile phone use grew rapidly. The popularity and affordability of personal computers and the Internet also increased, though not as rapidly as in the richer United States. In nearly every city and city, internet cafes are now found.
The Speciality of Mexico
The worldwide acclaim for their creativity and originality has been given to Mexican writers and artists. Both a folk and a classical tradition were powerful in their work.
As well as Samuel Ramos whose philosophical speculation on mankind and culture in Mexico influenced writers of several genres after 1945, the most renowned writers in the country have acquired its reputence in addressing questions of universal relevance. Many consider Octavio Paz the prolific critical and cultural analyst to be the leading poet in Latin America. In all countries, Carlos Fuentes' novels are recognized and fantasies are widely admired by Juan José Arreola. Among the dramatists, there were significant contributions by Rodolfo Usigli, Luisa Josefina Hernandez, and Emilio Carballido.
The mural, that is strongly influenced by the art and architecture of the Aztecs, Maya, and other pre-Colombian civilizations, might be most well known to Mexicans. The most popular characters of the genre were included in the Mexican muralist era. The murals of the Mexican revolution, modernization of Mexico, and class combat, created by Diego Rivera, José Clemente Orozco and David Alfaro Siqueiros have become legendary. Orozco is also the best-known folk artist in Mexico. His animated skeleton characters of plaster-of-paris are both satire and alive. Nicolás Enríquez, Rufino Tamayo, Juan Soriano, and Frida Kahlo are other remarkable artists.
Music and dance have brought cross-generational cohesion in Mexico, as in other Latin American countries. Although traditional, mariachi, ranchero and Mexican songs, live with listeners with hip-hops and salsa from generation to generation, countless popular songs were shared, resulting in a shared sense that ties families and gives regional and national culture a social leash.
The music of the mariachis consists of guitars, violins and brass, but there are also electronic synthesizers and heavy downbeats for the production of nortec music and often Norteño accordions (see Tejano). Four-string acoustic bass guitars, tambours, drums and little guitars called requintos also belong to common instruments. Many Mexicans, in addition to their own creations, like cumbia, danzón and other rock and pop styles, also enjoy Latin imports.
Mexico has a long theater tradition that many professional, academic and indigenous groups maintain alive. Some argue that "fight libre," with its masked heroes and cheering crowds, is a popular bracelet. The Mexican professional fighting. However, those and most other dramatic events are more focused than the theater production on TV and other electronic media. TV flows in throughout the world , making evening tributes like telenovelas, game shows, sporting events, shows in the field of music, and a host of movies appreciate the viewers of every region and socio-economic category. Many of the most popular programs are being produced in Mexico, while others are imported into Latin America from Venezuela, Argentina , and Brazil.
Even if Mexico's film industry is one of the largest in the region, Spanish-speaking Hollywood-produced action films are a favorite genre across the country. Several Mexican actors and writers, including Alejandro González (Amores perros, 2000; Babel, 2006), Alfonso Cuarón (Y tu mamá, 2001 also; Children of People, 2006), and Guillermo del Toro (El laberinto del fauno [2006; pan's maze]; Pacific Rim, 2013), have won international awards. In 2014, Cuaron became the Mexican first director to win the Academy Award for best director (for Gravity (2013), an achievement, and Gonzalez Iñárritu (for Birdman,  and The Revenant (2015]), and Del Toro (for Water Form (2017]), also won shortly after. Spanish director Luis Buñuel and French surrealist André Breton both lived in Mexico for several years and are inspired by the work of established Mexican directors. Salma Hayek was nominated in 2002 as the first Mexican actress for a Frida Academy Award. Photographer Manuel Álvarez Bravo is one of Mexico's most distinguished visual artists.
Mexico’s Famous Cultural Hubs
The institutions endorse the cultural and artistic activities of universities and museums in every major city. In addition, the Roman Catholic Church can not be ignored as an artistic and entertainment patron of selected artistic forms across the country, including street drams and the local dances. The federal government sponsors the National Institute of Fine Arts in order to encourage and promote Mexican art in all its forms. Under its auspices are the activities, both nationally and globally to benefit Mexican music, of the National Symphony Orchestra, the Balleto Folklorico and the Modern and Classical Ballet. People and popular culture are also supported through government institutions, including the Indigenous Institute, which aims at maintaining and stimulating traditional crafts.
The Mexican Folk Art Museum, the immense National Anthropology Museum and its origin, the National History Museum, are among Mexico's internationally renowned museums. The House and Studio of Luis Barragán, a Mexican architect and designated UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2004, is in the suburban city of Mexico City. Away from the city, one of the most prominent regional cultural centers in the country is the Contemporary Art Museum in Monterrey.
Top Attractions in Mexico
For the North American people, Mexico is also becoming more popular for tourists from Europe who want to enjoy the apparently endless sunshine, beautiful scenery and lovely sandy beaches-not to mention the amazingly rich cultural heritage of the country. The former Aztec, Mayan and ancient colonial cities of Mexico are so significant that many are UNESCO World Heritage Sites, keeping them untouched for centuries to come. They are significant to us. These locations, like Guanajuato, Chichén Itzá and Uxmal, are interestingly often as popular as traditional holiday resorts like Cancún, Puerto Vallarta and Playa del Carmen.
A fascinating connection between the indigenous and colonial influences of Spain is the rich culture of the region, which reflects in everything from the culinary creations of the region to their diverse musical and dance heritage. Their history is incredible. It is also a flora and fauna-rich country, which spreads across climatic zones from the arid deserts through to the lush tropical rain forests. See our list of the best places to visit in Mexico to make sure you plan your best Mexican travel route.
Cancún and the Mayan Riviera
The resort of Cancún, Playa del Carmen and Cozumel Island, known as the Mayan Riviera, lie along a beautiful stretch of coastline in the Gulf of Mexico. Every year, around five million visitors visit this magnificient area on the tip of the Yucatan Peninsula, generating huge turistical revenues. Despite this number, because of the broad beaches and the endless crystal clear waters of the Riviera, you will probably not be like part of a crowd.
The area also boasts many fun things to do, including dolfines and stingrays, snorkeling among reefs and tropical fish, as well as plunging in a stunning array of sculptures that can be found up to eight meters deep inside the world's largest subsequent museum. Then there are of course numerous ancient Mayan ruins in the region and some of the nearest sites are just a short walk from the beaches while Chichén Itza and Tulum are the greatest and most beautiful, just a few hours away.
The Pacific coastal town of Puerto Vallarta is another of Mexico's increasingly popular beach destinations. Often shortened to 'Vallarta,' in the 1960s it first appeared as a playground for social elite in North America on the holiday radar and became extremely popular with foreigners in a warmer sunny climate seeking second homes. Modern development still remains in many parts of it.
The town is now more attractive than younger people looking for adventure in activities as diverse as paralytical and jet-skiing, for older cruise ships who look to swim with doles. If you like a little sluggish holiday, the city offers many places to shop for arts and crafts or just take pleasant beach promenades with their many green spaces and sculpture.
Cabo San Lucas and the Los Cabos Corridor
Los Cabos-also simply named "Cabo"-is one of the Mexican top beach destinations at the southern tip of the beautiful Baja Peninsula. The 30 kilometre-long stretch of untouchsed beaches attract worldwide visitors with their clear waters, scuba diving (taking up the world's largest competition for marlin), which includes a wide section of coastline that extends from Cabo San Lucas and San José del Cabo and is known as the Los Corridore (Turistico Corridor).
Many resorts have arisen that serve all needs, from luxury wellness centers to golf-centered establishments that deliver some of North America's best courses. In addition to visiting Cabo San Lucas, one of the most popular swimming and snorkeling activities is on the city 's renowned natural landmark, El Arco de Cabo San Lucas, an enormous archway created from the coasts of the Pacifica Sea.
Copper Canyon: Mexico's Grand Canyon
The Chihuahua sharing border with New Mexico, is one of Mexico 's northernmost states, and is home to the stunning Copper Canyon (Barranca del Cobre), one of the country's most visited natural attractions. Located in the Sierra Madre Occidental area of Sierra Canyon, Copper Canyon is much bigger and deeper than its better known relative the Grand Canyon, consisting of a spectacular group of deep canyons. These stunning natural structures have been created by six rivers converging in the Rio Fuerte before they drain into the Californian Gulf, named after the distinctive copper green coloring that sweeps through the steep Canyon Walls.
Thanks to the increased popularity of this region, there's a lot to choose from, including the scenic railways on the Chihuahua al Pacifico Railway, more adventurous excursiones by bike or even on horseback, for those who want to explore this area of outstanding natural beauty.
Mexico City's Historic Center
The city of Mexico (México City) is, thanks to its many world-class museums , art galleries and attractions, not just the national and state capital but also one of the most popular alternative destinations for travel in Mexico City. Don't get your size put off. Instead, focus on Centro Histórico de la Ciudad, a UNESCO World Heritage Site of 15 sq kilometers which boasts about 1,400 major colonial buildings of the 16th to 19th centuries.
You will find most of the city's main attractions, many within a stone's throw from the Plaza de la Constitution, the busy main square of the city and the National Palace, the Metropolitan Cathedral and the Aztec relics of the Temple Mayor. The huge volcanic mountains, Popocatépetl and Iztaccíhuatl, are added to the whole experience. They are more than five thousand meters in length and are a perfect excuse for discovering and discovering the amazing countryside in this part of the Mexico.
Chichén Itzá: The Mayan Metropolis
The majestic Mayan town of Chichén Itzah is one of Mexico's most visited archeological sites and one of the largest and most restored. It is popular day-trip for tourists who visit both Cancun and Playa del Carmen, or Yucatán 's capital Mérida. There are several highlights of a visit to this UNESCO site. The massive El Castillo, also known as the Kukulkán Pyramid, and its tallest structure is 30 meters high, is a must see here.
The magnificent Caracol, an almost 1,000-year-old observatory that testifies how advanced Mayans were, is another noteworthy item of interest here. The building is notable because of the small slits within its walls, so that two times a year, the sun penetrates, so that priests can determine the exact dates. Numerous statues on the site, including many examples of famous Mayan Chacmools holding their sacrificial vessels while continuing to protect these ancient temples, are also of interest.
A UNESCO World Heritage Site, Guanajuato is a city that begs to explore by feet thanks to its many old colonial buildings, winding paths and narrow alleys. A particular enjoyment is the visit to the many squares, including the beautiful Jardin de la Union, the main square of the city with its magnificent architecture. This is a beautiful old cathedral, the glorious Juárez Theatre, alongside the ponds, flower beds, cafes and restaurants. This is the place to visit. Later head underground to the underground streets of the city, part of a network of tunnels once carrying a river and now being used by cars and footpaths wishing to quickly walk around the city.
Known as an art center, Guanajuato has many fine galleries and fascinating museums that are dedicated to Spanish writer Miguel de Cervantes. None other than Quixote Museum. The city is also the venue of the International Cervantino Festival, Latin America's largest festival for its writer. If you have a stomach, search the renowned display on Guanajuato's Mummies, with the human remains of local people who died during the middle of the 19th century during the epidemic of cholera.
Ixtapa and Zihuatanejo
There is a great deal to say for visiting a few of the many smaller holiday destinations in the region, although the popularity of Mexican beach resorts can not be ignored. Two of the strongest are towns of Ixtapa and its surroundings, Zihuatanejo's much smaller former fishing village on the Pacific coast of the world. While the bigger of both, Ixtapa is a former coconut and mangrove city that was carefully built to be used as a tourist center with its streets and beaches.
In Zihuatanejo, a beautiful town that worked hard to keep its small feeling, the contrast to traditional beach resorts is even greater. This is a delightful and pleasant place, which lies along a small and well-preserved bay, and home to several fine hotels and restaurants. For pleasure, shopping on its fish market or, better still, fishing to catch something of your own.
The Ancient Fortress of Tulum
The ancient city of Tulum, the only fortified Mayan settlement on the coast, is one of the most visited attractions on the Yucatán Peninsula. The well developed ruins of the site can be seen for miles at Cancun beaches, Playa del Carmen and Cozumel, owing to the location atop 12 m high rocks overlooking the beautiful Caribbean Sea, in the Mayan Riviera, within easy reach of the beaches of Cancún.
Tulum is also known for the wide walls that give the site the appearance of a fortress and both military and religious significance. The town was inhabited until the Spain reached its destination in 1544, dating back to the 13th century, and contains many more important archaeological archeological finds including the Frescoes Temple and its carvings and reliefs, as well as the Castle, the largest building on the site, famous for its cliff side location.
Cozumel: Island Life
Cozumel Island has almost all that is necessary for a perfect trip to Mexico. This exuberant tropical paradise is located 20 kilometers from Yucatan Peninsula, named after ancient Mayan Ah-cuzamil which has been long inhabited and means "the land of swallows." And while Mayan pilgrims, European smugglers and pirates have reputedly visited the island first, contemporary tourists have been drawn here by a promise of infinite sunshine. Playa San Juan, Playa San Francisco and Playa Santa Rosa are the top beaches for those who want to sunbathe, to name just a handful.
Many of Cozumel 's excellent experiences of plunging through its coral reefs attract them. Such beautiful locations are abundant with fish and other marine life and at least a little underwater activity can be fairly easily included if you book a dive experience (or before you travel) through your resort or simply take a few flippers and a mask when you arrive.
Go to Palancar Reef on the south west end of the island if you are going to seriously dive. Here is an undulating seabed that sinks to depths of 80 meters from its shallow spots. One fairly new experience is to dive around man-made objects, including statues and bronze figures, and embedded coral-growing structures.
Make sure you get away from the crystal clear waters of the island for a little bit to see San Miguel de Cozumel, the capital of the island. You can take a ferry here, either to Playa del Carmen or Cancun for a day trip, or take a trip to some of the best tourist attractions, such as the Island Museum, with its fascinating historical displays or shopping and dining options.
Stay Places in Mexico
The vibrant Mexico City is situated at an altitude of more than 2200 meters and encircled by white-capped mountains. For tourists, the best place to stay is the UNESCO Heritage Site or the oldest North American city in Zocalo and the Historical Center of the City of Mexico, where there are numerous hotels of all categories. More than 1,400 old buildings and monuments, artisan shops, eateries, ruins of Temple Maya and vast parks such as the Chapultepec park are within your reach. From here you can explore.
Another area to consider is near Mexico City International Airport, where there are many high quality mid-scale and luxury hotels, especially if you're just crossing the city and traveling elsewhere.
Like a Phönix from the ashes of an old Aztec hub, contemporary Mexico City has a bubble of multiculturalism inherent in Pre-Columbian and Baroque styles. The strength of Mexico City remains its mysterious layers of intrigue, spirit, and heritaged, and it is the strength of its hip bohemian neighborhoods of Roma and Condesa with its world class museums, fashion boutiques, and Aztec curiosities. The Reforma Pass and Rose Zone for memorable souvenirs, don't miss them.
Feel the elegance of history when you enter the City Hotel in Mexico with its golden elevator cages, filigree balconies and colossal glass skylights, and a mood full of know-how for sightseers, business moguls and literati. You can also enjoy a pleasant experience when you come. From the 5th floor of their dining area on the terrace, watch the lobby show day and night, or ask a concierge about the vintage shops nearby for picnics. Enjoy the view over Mexico's historic center. This "grand dame hotel" is unforgettable by a five-star service.
If you think of safety, Las Alcobas is Mexico City's best address. The excellent position at Polanco is full of noticeable security staff, close to embassies and offices of the President. Discover top fashion boutiques, award-winning food shops and Chapultepec Park, one of the largest city parks in the Western Hemisphere and an ideal location for cycling, enjoying a picnic, visiting the zoo or roaming around through the Museum of Modern Art. Discover the sumptuous threads and bio facilities and free breakfast of the designer bedroom and don't skip the spectacular view over the city from their pool.
The City of St. Regis retains its wonderfully 100-year-old approach to the Paseo de la Reforma, now led by a 24-hour Butler Service. In only 189 rooms and suites this is a smaller hotel in the Polanco area, and staff thrive in responding to every desire of the patrons. It is situated right in front of the Glorieta de la Diana Cazadora, a popular venue among the museum and business district Chapultepec Park and the trendy Zona Rosa.
Zocalo Central is located in the heart of the town, within walking distance from tourist attractions, plus its spectacular views from its rooftop restaurant of Zocalo Square and its surrounding mountains. There are more than 100 air-conditioned, refurbished rooms and suites designed for families, groups and individuals with a fresh selection of calming colours, modern design and useful comforts. Room service never stops, nor does the on-site fitness center. The savings here are underlined by free Wi-Fi and free parking.
Hampton Inn & Suites Mexico City-Centro Historico is an impressive outdoor heritage building that is fully equipped for families, groups or couples. It is an easy walk to sights such as the Templo Mayan ruins, lively places and a major bookshop. This hotel offers a buffet breakfast, along with the revitalized digital facilities and free Wi-Fi, one of the city's best deals.
Historico Central is a traditional tale of Aztec rituals that meets modern global life, since the 300-year-old system of the region Zocalo is accessible 24 hours a day to support today's travelers. Walk through the district of Centro Historico de la Ciudad for sightseeing to its greatest extent, then return to a welcoming environment headed by Café Central, which allows families, groups, couples and single guests to feed on the iPads while surfing.
Fiesta Inn Centro Historico is close to the cathedral; Plaza de la Solidaridad facing front; caddy corner into Alameda Central, the largest town park; and the combination of Diego Rivera's captivating murals, which are right next to the Palacio of Fine Arts. The main floor here includes a mall with shops and a café while spacious, comfortable, well equipped, clean rooms are located on the ground floor.
A Ciudad de Mexico Alameda faces a legendary high class park, which is only a short walk away from Zocalo Square, the Palace of Fine Arts, restaurants on all sides and the Metro and shops. Small, clean rooms wait in the lobby for travelers who will love a friendly staff, a buffet breakfast and free water and coffee.
ibis Styles Mexico Zona Rosa is a neighborhood of patrons, a few blocks away from Paseo della Reforma and directly across the underground in their trendy bohemian Zona Rosa. Cool décor all over the rooms leads to good, well-stocked rooms with free Wi-Fi while the hood is the relentless flow of musicians, academics and former tapestries.
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Book Cheapest Flights to Mexico. FAQ
What is the cheapest airline to fly to Mexico?
The 911travelshop helps you, without having to enter particular dates or destinations, to find the cheapest flights to Mexico (from hundreds of airlines, Aeromexico, Delta and American Airlines, among others) and to find the cheapest destinations for your flights.
What month is the cheapest to fly to Mexico?
Currently, the lowest month of flying to Mexico is March; the most expensive is December. Rates are subject to different factors such as prior-booking, terminal and terminal departure and times and differs accordingly.
What day is the cheapest to fly to Mexico?
Tuesdays, wednesdays and saturdays are the cheapest days to travel to Mexico; however, please review the Versatile Search calendar to see the best flight days on which you can travel.
How well in advance should I book a flight to Mexico?
70 days in advance, booking flights to Mexico and Central America is considered as the best. Travelers should however be ready to book flights 110 days in advance for trips to South America.
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Typically, airline fares don't get cheaper by the date of departure. The fastest way to book your flight is about four months and three weeks in advance. You can expect to see rates increase after that period.