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Fly to Amsterdam, The Venice of the North

 

Amsterdam, a town and port on the IJsselmeer, west of the Netherlands with access to the North Sea is the capital of the Netherlands and the largest center of trade and finance. 

 

Drawing great strength of tourists every year, Amsterdam is renowned for its historic sights, collections of great art, and the distinctive color and taste of its old parts, which have been well-preserved. But tourists to the town often see a crowded metropolis plagued by pollution, traffic jams and housing shortages.

 

Amsterdam, which is over 700 years old, can easily be referred to as a museum of the past and to the timeless charm of the centuries-old canals, old patrician houses and the environment of peace and independence, but the new city continues to seek out solutions to its urban challenges.

 

Amsterdam is the Netherlands' nominal capital but not the headquarters of the Hague. The city center is divided into 90 "Islands," with about 1300 bridges and viaducts in the municipality. Amsterdam is the Netherlands' economic hub and tradition alongside creativity continues to exist here. Although the metropolitan area has a modern metro network, nearly one fifth of the population is still relying on bicycles. The City remains well-known for its innumerable restaurants and the hundreds of houseboats which border its canals. Amsterdam has been renowned for its permissive culture since the mid-1960s, attracting many people seeking a lavish lifestyle.

 

There are many historical buildings in the old part of Amsterdam, particularly the Old Church (Oude Kerk) built in the 13th century and the New Church (Nieuwe Kerk) started in the 15th century. The city hall, now the Royal Palace, designed in a traditional Palladian style, is adjacent to the New Church. The Mint Tower (Muntoren), which dates back to the 17th century, is situated in the middle of a medieval building. It includes the Southerner Church (Suiderkerk, 1611), the West Church (Westerkerk, 1631) and Rembrandt's burial place. Trippenhuis houses the Academy of Arts and Sciences of the Royal Netherlands and Old Man's House Building is the gateway into one of Amsterdam's Universities. In the eastern part of the historic city, the former Jewish quarter is housed in the Portuguese Synagogue in 1671 and in Rembrandthuis, now a museum. The three main squares of the old town include Dam, Leidseplein (Place Leiden), Rembrandtplein (Place Rembrandt). Great patrician houses from the 17th and 18th centuries line the canals.

 

In comparison to other capitals it lacks monumental architecture. No squares are fit for large parades and no triumphal arches or impressive statues are available. The unique character of Amsterdam is best portrayed by the narrow, busy roads of the old town, which comprises most of the population. Amsterdam reflects its glorious past and perceived as a romantic destination due to its beautiful parks, noble brick façades covered in sandstone, richly carved cornices, towers and churches, the music of carillons and barrel organ. It paints a nostalgic image of a superb modern lifestyle. 

 

Situated on the south bank of the IJ, in a flat and low-lying region of the former Zuiderzee, now the IJsselmeer, Amsterdam is connected by canal to the north sea. From the south to the north, the Amstel River passes the city towards the IJ. 

 

The present capital of the Netherlands first took shape like a small medieval village on the Amstel dikes, where it reached the IJ. The Amstel was dammed for flood protection, and the name of the city comes from the Amstel Dam. Amsterdam developed into a walled city at the present Dam, in the 16th century. The Singel canals and the Kloveniersburgwal canals now surround it. There are already three towers from the ancient fortifications. The three major canals dating from the beginning of the 17th century are outside of the Singel: Herengracht and Keizersgracht and Prinsengracht. Such concentrated canals, along with the smaller radial canals, form a traditional spiderweb pattern that extended east along the harbor and west to Jordaan, during the flourishing Golden Age (17th and early 18th centuries).

 

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, significant physical changes were again made in the cityscape, as the booming colonial trade fueled industrialisation and stretching of population. For example, De Pijp, a south-facing neighborhood, was filled with new inexpensive residential, commercial and industrial buildings and workers crowded into older Jordaan buildings in the west. The North Sea Canal was completed in 1876; new docks and warehouses were built along the waterfront and the new central railway station of the city was established in 1889 on the Artificial Island north of the town centre. The new railway station became the Central Station. New suburbs were built in the early 20th century in the Amsterdam Architectural Tradition. The monotony associated with suburban housing units broke up their innovative, asymmetrical design. From this period, as did Rijksmuseum (1876–85), Concertgebouw (Concert Hall; 1888), Stedélijk (1895), Olympic Stadium (1928) and Amstel Station (1939), the Beurs (Stock Exchange; 1903) and the Shipping Building, as well as Rijksmuseum (1876–85).

 

Amsterdam has been less destroyed since the Second World War as compared to many of Europe's cities, but the old Jewish quarters have been demolished. Urban renewal projects and large-scale new developments tried to manage the growing population, the increasing incomes and the inexorable growth of traffic, post war. Slotermeer on the western edge of the city, Nieuwendam on the north, Buitenveldert in south, and Bijlmermeer on the south-east in the 1970s were new garden suburbs. In modernist utopian urban planning, Bijlmermeer was the pinnacle, with cycling lanes, play areas and high-rises established along the city's new metro line. However, It wasn’t a success, and was partially demolished and redeveloped for a wide range of purposes in a combination of building styles. Since the 1970s mixed housing low-rise developments, with both public and private housing, have been in-vogue. Sloten and the Middelveldsche Akerpolder in the west witnessed such kind of recent developments, while intensive housing development began in the 90s in the east, in the old harbor area. The inner city neighborhoods were more and more reorganized than demolished over the past decades of the 20th century.

 

The constitution of the Netherlands states that all the municipalities in the Netherlands are governed by a council, the size of which depends on the population. The 45 members are elected to four years of office by the Amsterdam City Council. Eight aldermen and the mayor, who are appointed by the king for the six years, are elected to the Council College of Aldermen. While the Mayor chairs the Council meetings, he is not an official member of the commission. While the Council has no say in the appointment of the mayor, the head of the office typically represents the council's largest political party. The Labor Party has controlled the Council since the end of World War II, with the mayors coming from its ranks. However, the Council consists of leaders with various political ideologies such as the Greens and the Green Left. The aldermen are elected to four-year terms by and from the members of the Council. Aldermen earn wages, while members of the council are charged an appearance fee only.

 

The People of Amsterdam

In comparison to most of the national capitals, Amsterdam is a smaller place. The population was over 800,000 after World War II; until the mid-1980s, it decreased, but has increased gradually since then. A steady surplus of birth over deaths and an influx of immigrants led to recent growth. Around half of the urban population is indigenous Dutch; about one-tenth is of Surinamese orgin and there are substantial Moroccan and Turkish minorities. Since the 16th century, Amsterdam has been home to immigrants. In recent times, many came from the former Dutch empire (Indonesia, Suriname and the former Netherlands Antilles Islands). Others have come from Morocco and Turkey as "working guests" or as staff of multinational corporations and students. In addition, immigrants came as asylum seekers during the 90s. Now the city has an active integration policy, focused on language learning and social orientation. Since the mid-90s the rates of birth and marriage have increased. As in other Western societies, in the meantime, more and more people are living alone, as single parents or as unmarried couples. The population of Amsterdam has not grown older, as compared to the population of the Netherlands as a whole. Pre-pensioners are not an increasing proportion of the population, mostly because the inflow of younger people is steady.

 

Progression of Amsterdam

For the last seven decades, foreign trade and transport have been the main living blood of the region, which together account for about a fifth of the employment. Amsterdam is, like most modern towns, a business hub with a population of just approximately a tenth. The business service portion, including consulting, information, medical technology and telecommunications, is the most dynamic and expanding sector in the dominant service sector. Banking and insurance have also become a core element of the Amsterdam economy and together constitute approximately 1/8 of all workers, while about 1/6 employees in medical, cultural and social services are working. Another significant part of the city's economy, tourism, represents around a tenth of all jobs. Nevertheless, amid this thriving service sector, there were many job-seekers lacking in marketable skills at the turn of the 21st century and about one-eight of the working population was out of jobs. The successful economic policy of the city is aimed at reducing unemployment and aims to attract industrial investments through enhanced infrastructural ties to the surrounding area and training, temporary jobs, and employers' grants. Throughout the meantime, by the end of the 20th century, the city government has created thousands of grant jobs.

Amsterdam is a popular location for foreign businesses, primarily because of the combination of accessibility, cultural capital, cosmopolity and the lack of highway and highway buildings. No less than one fifth of the overall US and Japanese investments in Europe is invested in the Netherlands, most of which are concentrated in Amsterdam. Although less significant than London or Frankfurt, the town is also a major financial center. Both major Netherlands banks are based in town, as well as the Euronext Stock Exchange's European Options Exchange and its Netherlands branch, and there are some 60 international banks with their offices. 

However, the industries which continue to be varied from shipbuilding, heavy engineering to petrochemical products, food-processing (including brewing) and polishing diamonds do not constitute any more a large part of the Amsterdam economy. All sorts of tourism is a significant and growing industry. Many visitors to the city attend business or conferences, particularly the RAI Exhibition and Congress Centre. 

 

Connectivity within Amsterdam

Day trips to Amsterdam are incredibly common as many of the locations can be visited on foot in a single day. Amsterdam has excellent transport links via rail, water and air. It has retained its significance as a regional and international commercial hub through a busy port and excellent connections to land and air transport.

Amsterdam is linked to all parts of the Netherlands and Germany and Belgium via a wide network of superhighways. It has excellent transport connections. In 1976 a high-speed metro line was opened and in 1988 a new fast-track link to Schiphol was introduced; trams remain the primary means of transport in the inner city.

The Schiphol Flughafen is undeniably one of the world's biggest hub airports and one of the busiest in Europe. Amsterdam Sea port is once one of the most important in Europe, but the Amsterdam docks were slowly destroyed by the end of the 20th century when they were overwhelmed by the enormous Rotterdam-Europoort area nearby. In the region, planners have been preferring public transport to minimize the use of cars since the 1960s. 

 

Amsterdam as an Ultimate Destination

Amsterdam has plenty to offer as an arts centre. Some 40 museums draw approximately four million visitors every year. The Rijksmuseum is known for the collection of Dutch masterpieces from the 17th century. The Stedelijk Museum is a world's leading contemporary art collection. The Van Gogh Museum focuses on Vincent van Gogh's life and his contemporaries. The Anne Frank House, the Historic Museum of Amsterdam, the Netherlands Maritime Museum and Rembrandt House are all important museums.

The concert hall is home to the world-renowned Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra and Muziektheater, where national ballet and opera companies work, are over 200 live locations. There are also concert stages. There are also two universities in the city: the University of Amsterdam (founded 1632) and the Free University (founded in 1880). For many cultural visitors who want to see the beautifully preserved canal-side mansions of the Golden Age (and the various historic buildings like the palace), the architecture of the downtown (and of the suburbs) is an attraction. The arts in Amsterdam play a significant economic role and generate nearly $1 billion in annual sales for thousands of employees. More than 100 galleries are open, including large auction halls.

There are large leisure facilities. Amsterdam Woods, Zandvoort's seaside resort to the west, Sloter Lake (Sloterplas) in the heart of the western suburbs, and several little lakes to the south and north of the city all provide outdoor recreation opportunities. In this crowded city there are about 40 sports parks, clubs for nearly all sports, and over 250 outdoor tennis courts. The Amsterdam Arena and the Ajax football club are world-class venues for the spectacular sport.

The worldwide trade that Amsterdam flourished during the Napoleonic era was severely disrupted and the only way to bring prosperity back to the City was through the restoration of Dutch hegemony and trade in East Indies in the 1830s. The population doubled (to 500,000) in 1900, following 1850. The East Indian trade and associated industries have remained the economic backbone. Established in the 1870s, the North Sea Canal improved the port via the direct connection to the North Sea. During World War II, Amsterdam experienced a trade interruption, but in the 1920s moderate growth resumed. The Great Depression and World War II were devastating for the capital in particular. In 1940, the Netherlands was invaded by the German army, and several times Allied bombers attacked industrial areas. But the expulsion of 70,000 Jewish citizens was the most significant loss of the region. In Amsterdam the Dutch Resistance carried out valiant actions and wrote a number of calm deeds of bravery to defend the Nazi regime's oppressed, including the Anne Frank family. However, the Jews of the city were almost entirely gone from their old neighbourhood.

After the war, reconstruction was difficult, but the economy was booming by the 1950s. The Netherlands was not a revolutionary location in the 1950s and Amsterdam was generally settled and right. But in the 1960's social and cultural reforms were brought about in the West, no more than in Amsterdam, which adopted the liberal radicalism that it is known for since then. There are still debates about the reasons for the extraordinary transition, including the longer economic boom, the extent of religious restrictions in Dutch major culture in the mid twentieth century and the conventional Dutch tolerance. This radicalism opened the way for the tolerance for illicit drug use and prostitution in the area. Numerous revolutionary movements emerged during the 1960s and 1970s, some of them highly ideological, formal but others humorous and satirical, based on street theatre. Public demonstrations also turned themselves into confrontations with the constantly frustrated and harassed police. In 1966, during the wedding of Princess (later Queen), Beatrix and in the 1980's, protests took place and in central Amsterdam regularly during the 80's marches, confrontations and disturbances over a number of policy issues. During the 1990s the scale of street demonstrations diminished, but in Amsterdam's public life radicalism is still difficult to find elsewhere.

 

The Great Marvels of Amsterdam

Amsterdam is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Europe, the capital of the Netherlands. Amsterdam is also the country's leading cultural hub with its universities, academies, research institutes and more than 40 museums, various theaters and entertainment venues.

Moreover, the city is well-known for its many well-preserved old houses. All in all, some 6750 buildings from the 16th to the 18th centuries, dissecting 160 grachten channel and housing many houseboats, are crowded over an area of 2,000 hectares. A large number of picturesque bridges link the 90 islands, including the Magere Brug (Mager Bridge), one of the most frequently photographed in town, eight of them old wooden bascule bridges.

Explore the best spots and most popular tourist attractions in the city:

 

Rijksmuseum

The Rijksmuseum (National Museum) was founded in 1798 to house a large collection of rare art and antiques. It is the most popular attraction in Amsterdam and definitely the most valuable art repository of the city. A thousand cultural items from the 13th century to the present day, including more than 8,000 important paintings, spread over 250 rooms in this vast building form the impressive collection of the museum.

The Rijksmuseum has, in addition to its paintings, a well-stocked collection containing more than 35,000 books and manuscripts, and various interesting exhibits dealing with art and culture creation in the Netherlands. The traditional crafts, medieval sculptures and contemporary art collections are especially significant.

Various guided tours are available in the themed English language. Join the enjoyable art history cruise on many of the sites of the Rijksmuseum collections for a special experience or book a table in the Michelin starred restaurant of the museum. There are guided tours available. Book tickets online in advance in order to prevent lineups (nearly 2,5 million people visit each year).

 

Van Gogh Museum

The magnificent Van Gogh Museum has been a must-visit for art lovers and historians since the founding in 1972. This elegant building, designed by Gerrit Rietveld, dedicated to the often troublesome life and exceptional artistry of one of the most famous painters of the country, houses the largest collection of Van Gogh paintings and objects donated by his uncle, Theo, and other family members around the world.

The album, which comprises a considerable 200 paintings, 500 sketches, and 700 letters written by and from friends and families, is divided up into main stages in the artist's life: his realistic work (1880 to 1887), including the famous "The Potato Eatres," and his Impressionism from 1887 to 1890.

The highlight of this visit is a fascinating multimedia presentation of vivid digital reproductions of his work of the "Meet Vincent van Gogh Encounter,' his life and times as the visual artist.

Works by contemporaries such as Paul Gauguin and Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, which involve leading artists, are of particular interest. When time permits, ensure that educational workshops such as painting and photography are available in the museum.

 

Rembrandt House Museum

In his house on Jodenbreestraat, now home to Rembrandt House Museum (Rembrandthuis Museum), he spent the happiest and most fruitful years of his life together with his wife Saskia. He found models here, in the Jewish Quarter, for his Biblical themes and painted the sights from his many canal excursions.

The house was built in the 17th century with many etchings and personal items, and Rembrandt remained in the city for 20 years. Directed tours in English are given.

Zuiderkerk (South Church), in which three of Rembrandt's children and one of his pupils have been buried, is only a two-minute walk away. It was first built in Amsterdam after the Reformation, designed between 1603 and 1611 by the architect Hendrick de Keyser, who is also buried here.

It is now a center of local cultural activities and events following comprehensive restoration. The Rembrandt Square, home to numerous cafes and restaurants, and a statue of the renowned painter, is another town in Rembrandt.

 

Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam

The Stedelijk Museum is one of the most influential collections of modern art in Europe, which was established in 1895 in Amsterdam – the Municipal Museum of Amsterdam. The Museum's works concentrate on Dutch and French painting from the 19th and 20th centuries, among them De Stijl, contain many well-known art movements.

Other important works include examples from Van Doesburg, Mondrian, and Rietveld; Pop Art, with works by Rosenquist and Warhol; and painters such as Chagall, Dubuffet, De Kooning, and Matisse. The sculpture garden also contains examples by Rodin, Moore, Renoir, and Visser.

Driven tours in English and fun workshops in the family are also available. There is also a store and restaurant on the premises.

 

Jewish Historical Museum

There are four obsolete synagogues in the Jewish Historical Museum, of which one, the Grote Synagogue, is built in 1670. A wide variety of religious objects, such as silver Torah tub, the Torah dresses and painted Torah headdresses, hangings and ceremonial canopies, are among the highlights (the Holy Shrine white marble is of special importance).

There is a large library in the museum, while there is a casher restaurant in the Upper Synagogue, the Obbene Sjoel. Consult the website of the museum for information on the schedule of its concerts, including candlelight performances by renowned local and international artists.

The Docker Monument was built in 1941, when the workers refused to comply with the deportating of their Jewish residents, and was erected to mark a strike outside the museum.

The Portuguese Synagogue is also of interest, a temple in the late 17th century that houses the oldest of its kind the Ets Haim library. Join one of the special English tours of the Jewish Historical Museum which comprise the historic Jewish Quarter, to take you to this fascinating history in more detail.

 

Vondelpark

Vondelpark is the largest and most visited park in Amsterdam, and occupies 120 acres. In addition to the green area, lined with peaceful pools and large paths, the park also contains a stunning rose garden with over 70 different flower varieties.

It also has a number of sculptures and monuments, playgrounds and other recreations, including roller blade rental and the Open Air Theater Vondelpark, which operates from May to September as the venue for musical and stage productions. The park is also filled with cafés where travelers can have a full meal or snack.

 

Anne Frank House

Anne Frank House (Anne Frank Huis) is situated on the Prinsengracht. This is the home that Anne's family sheltered in for most of the Second World War, and is dedicated to the very short life of one of the world's most well-known Holocaust victims. They were Jewish immigrants from the German town of Frankfurt and it was here, just a few years after her death at the age of fifteen-just two months before the war-that Anne wrote a diary that became the world bestseller.

Most of the house has been kept as it was during the time of Anne and is a beautiful memorial to a tragic era in history. Please make sure you prepare ahead and purchase your tickets in advance of time online (see the address below on the Internet). Tickets will be selling up to two or more months in advance.

The West Church of Amsterdam is one of the city's most prominent churches, near the Anne Frank Museum. The elegant Renaissance church, completed in 1630, is notable for its various Gothic features both inside and outside. The highest tower in the town is its 85 meter antenna, known as "Langer John." A large replica of the Emperor's crown, set in memory of Emperor Maximilian of Austria, is at the top of his spire. The hours are announced in the tower by a carillon.

Another highlight is a fine organ dating back to 1622, and an interesting marble column that was installed there in 1906 in commemoration of the buried Rembrandt outside the church.

 

The Botanical Gardens

In the very heart of the city is an exceptional dose of nature. The botanic garden of Hortus Botanicus Amsterdam is one of the oldest in the world and certainly is a must visit.

Established in 1638, this attraction began life as a poor herbal garden for physicians and apothecaries. It now has unique plants and trees, exotic flowers and a huge hotel with numerous tropical areas.

A visit at the end of the 17th century can involve exploration of the magnificent historic pavilion, a hexagonal house, plus an orangery from the 1870's. The Palm House has been designed in Amsterdam, in particular because of the architectural style.

Plant lovers can witness a number of unique plants and tree species in the gardens. The Persian Ironwood tree, plus several tropical species in the historic hothouse, are worth noting. There is a café on site for those who want to have a quick meal. 

 

Royal Palace of Amsterdam

It began in 1648 and involved a sinking of 13,659 piles to support the massive building. It was a monumental undertaking. The exterior is purely classical because of the architecture of Rome and the interior is beautifully adorned with apartment buildings adorned with rich marble sculptures, friezes and roofing paintings by the pupils of Rembrandt, Ferdinand Bol and Govert Flinck.

The City Treasurer's room with its fireplace and ceiling paintings by Cornelis Holsteyn and the Hall of the Aldermen which features paintings by Bol and Flinck contain one of the world's finest furniture collections. Other highlights are: The Council Hall, sumptuous decored and one of Europe's most beautiful staterooms, is the largest and most important room.

Directed tours are available in English and helpful audioguides with admission are included.

 

Jordaan

Jordaan is the most prominent district in Amsterdam and is renowned for its mixture of residential areas and parks, vibrant markets and fine dining. There are plenty of enjoyable activities in the area, from a nice stroll along the many picturesque streets through to the many popular tourist attractions in the city.

While the Anne Frank House location is best known, the area also has lesser known gems such as the Museum of Woonboots, etc.

Lindengracht is turned into a big market, where local crafts, goods, flowers and goodies can be found for a picnic basket on the Saturday morning. It is Westerstraat that fills with 200 stands this time in a flea market-style bazaar on Monday mornings, selling a wide variety of products. In Jordaan's restaurants and cafes, the popular Dutch folk music is the fashionable place to sit and listen.

 

Dam Square

Dam Square is, and for good reason, one of Amsterdam's most tourist-packed places. The Royal Palace (Koninklijk Palace), the former residence of the Netherlands royal family and the present-day location for royal events, are the most prominent features of the buildings.

Dam Square also houses popular tourist attractions such as Nieuwe Kerk (New Church), Madame Tussauds Wax museum and many more. 

Of course, this large public square lines with many cafés, restaurants and shops and is typically lined with food suppliers and souvenirs. There is also a ferris wheel, suitable for visitors from street performers to top-class music festivals, and a wide range of entertainments.

 

Artis: Amsterdam Royal Zoo

Artis is an outstanding "royal zoo" in Amsterdam, less than five minutes' walk from the botanical gardens. Built in 1838, this world-class attraction is one of Europe's oldest zoos.

In a cool garden setting with many old buildings it shows many species from all over the world. For example, it was built in 1882 and shows a network of coral reefs and a fascinating view below the canal of Amsterdam.

The animal night room, the Zoological Museum, the Insectarium, the Butterfly Pavilion and the Planetarium are all highlights. There's also a library with a large selection of historical books, prints and artworks.

The replica of the Normaal Amsterdams Peil, the NAP, which displays the average North Sea water level, is also fascinating next to this enjoyable nature-based attraction.

 

Oude Kerk (Old Church)

Founded in 1306 and the oldest building of the region, Oude Kerk (the Old Church) has been unchanged since the time of Rembrandt. This beautiful part of architecture became the model for many other churches in the area, the first hall church in Northern Holland.

Many changes, such as the large side chapels from the early 1500s, were introduced over the ages. The Portal leading to the Iron Chapel dates back to this time. Records showing the privileges of the city were held behind an iron door, including the freedom from taxes granted in 1275. The tower was built in the 16th century and features one of the finest carillon in the country from 1658 (it also provides excellent views of the city).

The church interior has elements from before the Reformation, including 3 majestic windows from 1555 and finely carved wooden chancel stalls from the Dutch High Renaissance. The building is established nowadays as a place for exhibits of contemporary art.

Take a two-minute walk across the bridge to Zeedijk, one of the oldest streets in Amsterdam after exploring this stunning historical building. Many houses lean from the vertical angle here, and the house of the 15th century on No. 1 is considered the oldest building remaining in the area.

 

The Begijnhof

The Begijnhof is one of the few peaceful indoor places many visitors obviously can not appreciate because of their hustle and bustle. This is a shame, because this beautiful, old Amsterdam corner just begins to be explored. Even if the majority of old houses are occupied, the small lanes and paths around are not shy to walk freely. They have public access.

The courties are surrounded by some of Amsterdam's most ancient houses, including the only surviving wooden house from the 14th century, with views of well-kept green lawns.

The place is still open to worship and was originally inhabited by a town of piety Catholic women (begijnen) and the last of these women was buried here in 1971.

 

Nieuwe Kerk (New Church)

In the heart of Amsterdam, next to the Palace of the Royals in Dam Square ("The Dam"), Nieuwe Kerk (New Church), who had been the coronation church of the Dutch monarchs since 1814. Constructed around 1270 to distinguish the Amstel from the IJ, this historic square was named after the city.

Nowadays the square and the church are used for public functions, including antique exhibits and art shows. This church of the 15th century also holds frequent organs concerts. The wonder of the Baroque woodcut decorated with four evangelists and figures symbolizing Faith, Hope, Charity, Justice and Prudence in 1649 is a striking feature. The church has an organ, an incredibly lovely bronze chancel, and fine choral stalls from 1670.

The graves of renowned Netherlandsmen, including PC Hooft and Nicolaes Tulp, and Admiral Michiel de Ruyter's baroque tomb, who died in 1679 also are of interest. Wonderful are the stained-glass windows; one of them dates from 1650 and displays William IV's granting of the city arms while the Queen's Window dates from 1898.

 

Book Cheapest Flight to Amsterdam FAQ 

 

What are the airports to land in Amsterdam?

Amsterdam Airport (AMS- Schiphol) is the one and only airport travelers land into. The airport is located around 11 km from the downtown. 

 

How to book the cheapest flight to Amsterdam?

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Is last minute flight booking cheaper?

As many business travelers choose to book tickets at the last minute by even paying a higher price for flights, the airfares usually get costlier. Therefore the earlier travelers make booking, the cheaper the ticket will be. 

 

Does flight ticket gets cheaper as the departure date gets closer?

The flight tickets usually doesn’t get cheaper as the departure date gets closer. The cost generally increases as the traveler approaches the departure date therefore it is advised to book flight tickets well much in advance.

 

Is the cost of flight ticket cheapest at midnight?

By choosing to book flight ticket at midnight during weekdays (Monday to Wednesday) generally helps travelers to save big as the cost of flight tickets increases near to the weekends even at midnight. 

 

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